Morphological Analysis of Micro-fibrillated Cellulose from Different Raw Materials for Fiber Plastic Composites
Textile Department, Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
- *Corresponding Author:
- Messiry ME
Faculty of Engineering
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: July 21, 2014; Accepted Date: August 25, 2014; Published Date: September 07,2014
Citation: Messiry ME (2014) Morphological Analysis of Micro-fibrillated Cellulose from Different Raw Materials for Fiber Plastic Composites. J Textile Sci Eng 4:166.doi: 10.4172/2165-8064.1000166
Copyright: 2014 Messiry ME. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Polymer nanocomposites have attracted great interest during current years. Cellulose micro-fibrils may be
function as biodegradable Nano fibrils in high performance composites. The production of Nano-scale cellulose Ã¯Â¬Âbers and their application in composite materials has gained increasing attention due to their high strength and stiffness combined with low weight, biodegradability and renewability. Adding small amounts of cellulose-based fillers to thermoplastic matrix polymers usually enhances the mechanical properties. However, the development of fully biodegradable nanocomposites is still a challenging area. Many researchers investigated production of micro cellulose microfibers through various methods. The most important and widely used methods for cellulose Nano fibers isolation are Chemical method (CM), Mechanical methods, Physical methods, Using microwave, Biological and High-pressure homogenizer. CM process is easier than milling process (MM) by which material is reduced from a large size to a smaller size ‘top-down’. In this work, a motor driven mechanical rotary microtome sheering device was used to produce microÃ¯Â¬Âbrillated cellulose (MFC) particles from different types of cotton fibers and cotton waste, as well as flax. The morphological properties of the cellulose particles were investigated by means of scanning electron microscopy. Final length distribution of cellulose particles was determined. It was found that the maximum
number of fibers was observed in the range from 0.5 to 2 microns with average aspect ratio 1.6. Depending on the source of the fibers, the particles with a diameter of 20 – 500 nm were observed.