Morphological Variation of the Carotid Sinus Location
|Satoshi Furukawa*, Lisa Wingenfeld, Akari Takaya, Tokiko Nakagawa, Ikuo Sakaguchi and Katsuji Nishi|
|Department of Legal Medicine, Shiga University of Medical Science, Shiga, Japan|
|Corresponding Author :||Satoshi Furukawa, MD
Department of Legal Medicine
Shiga University of Medical Science, Setatsukinowa
Otsu City, Shiga 520-2192, Japan
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received June 21, 2012; Accepted July 20, 2012; Published July 22, 2012|
|Citation: Furukawa S, Wingenfeld L, Takaya A, Nakagawa T, Sakaguchi I, et al. (2012) Morphological Variation of the Carotid Sinus Location. J Clin Exp Cardiolog 3:207. doi: 10.4172/2155-9880.1000207|
|Copyright: © 2012 Furukawa S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
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Background: Carotid sinus massage is widely used to detect carotid sinus hypersensitivity in patients presenting with syncope. Recent guidelines recommend 5 to 10 seconds of carotid sinus massage in supine and upright positions with beat-to-beat monitoring, but somebody did not respond to the procedure.
Method and result: The aim of this study was to describe the common Carotid Artery Bifurcation (CB). Measurements were performed on 100 cadavers by the direct inspection method. The vertebra level of CB was differently distributed in distance of the whole neck measured along the vertebral column between upper borders of C1-C2 to lower border of C5. 54% of the level of CB was asymmetrical between the right and left side.
Conclusion: We showed the anatomical variation of carotid sinus location. Anatomical locations of the carotid sinus bifurcation indicated wide variability. This variation was found to have an impact on the pressure transmission at the carotid sinus region in those individuals that displayed the superior/inferior range of carotid sinus loci.