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Journal of Morphology and Anatomy
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Review Article

Morphometric Surface Anatomy of the Pre and Postcentral Gyrus

Adel Mahmoud H1*, Al Tahir O2, Kamal B2, Mohamed MEF3 and Meriam IS4

1Lecturer of Anatomy,Batterjee Medical College, Prince Abdullah AlFiasal Street, Obhur Al-Shamaliyah, Jeddah 23819, Saudi Arabia

2Burri Dist, Nile Street, Khartoum 55, Sudan

3Shebin el-kom, Yassin Abdel Ghaffar Street, from Gamal Abdel Anasar Street, Menoufia 32511, Egypt

4Almahjar Street, Jeddah 22421, Saudi Arabia

*Corresponding Author:
Adel Mahmoud H
Lecturer of Anatomy, Batterjee Medical College
Prince Abdullah AlFiasal Street
Obhur Al-Shamaliyah, Jeddah 23819, Saudi Arabia
Tel: +966 12 656 1111
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: May 29, 2017; Accepted date: June 05, 2017; Published date: June 09, 2017

Citation: Adel Mahmoud H, Al Tahir O, Kamal B, Mohamed MEF, Meriam IS (2017) Morphometric Surface Anatomy of the Pre and Postcentral Gyrus. J Morphol Anat 1: 106.

Copyright: © 2017 Adel Mahmoud H, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Objective: This research was especially aimed to build the knowledge of surface anatomy regard the pre and post central gyrus with their bone relationships.
Methods: Ten Sudanese formalin-fixed adult heads (right and left sides) were used to evaluate the craniometric measurement of Pre and Post central gyrus of the cerebral hemisphere. Scalp was removed then the skull was marked as two windows by blue marker (Superior parietal window and Inferior parietal window) the blue marked lines were cut by autopsy electrical saw and the meninges were removed and the cerebral cortex was exposed. The pre and post central gyrus were measured from the nearest bony landmarks of coronal suture, sagittal suture and superior temporal line.
Results: Precentral gyrus superior part was measured from the coronal suture posteriorly at a point crossing the sagittal suture (right 4.10 ± 0.74 cm, left 4.12 ± 0.79 cm), Precentral gyrus inferior part was measured from the coronal suture posteriorly at a point crossing the superior temporal line (right 3.18 ± 0.67 cm, left 2.97 ± 0.76 cm), Postcentral gyrus superior part was measured from the coronal suture posteriorly at a point crossing the sagittal suture (right 5.32 ± 1.02 cm, left 5.22 ± 0.95 cm), Postcentral gyrus inferior part was measured from the coronal suture posteriorly at a point crossing the superior temporal line (right 4.64 ± 0.61 cm, left 4.31 ± 0.79 cm).
Conclusion: The research found that there were clear relations between the pre and post central gyrus with the cranial bony landmarks.

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