Mortality and Short-Term Outcomes of Very Low Birth Weight Infants at a Tertiary Care Center in Jordan: Comparison with Other CountriesManar Al-lawama*, Tariq Abdelghani and Eman Badran
Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Jordan, Jordan
- *Corresponding Author:
- Manar Al-lawama
Department of Pediatrics
School of Medicine, University of Jordan
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: December 12, 2016; Accepted date: January 16, 2017; Published date: January 18, 2017
Citation: Al-lawama M, Abdelghani T, Badran E (2017) Mortality and Short-Term Outcomes of Very Low Birth Weight Infants at a Tertiary Care Center in Jordan: Comparison with Other Countries. Pediatr Ther 7:311. doi:10.4172/2161-0665.1000311
Copyright: © 2017 Al-lawama M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Purpose: Very low birth weight infants (VLBWI) are the most fragile group of neonates with high rate of mortality and morbidity. Neonatal mortality rate in Jordan is still high. This is the first study from Jordan that aims to assess VLBWI mortality rate and the factors contributed to it and to report on the short outcomes and morbidities of those newborns in comparison to other countries to identify potential areas of improvement.
Methods: A prospective study of all newborns with birth weight 500-1500 g, admitted to our level three neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at Jordan university hospital over 14 months period. The results were compared to reports from other countries.
Results: The study included 71 neonates admitted to our neonatal intensive care weighing from 500-1500 g during the study period. Most of them (88.7%) were inborn infants. Gestational ages mean ± SD was 28.6 ± 2.3 week. Birth weights mean ± SD was 1086.7 ± 262 g. Mortality rate was 35.2%. Short outcomes of survivors are for CLD 4.2%, sever ROP 3.8%, proven NEC 2.8%, PVL 1.9% and sever IVH rate was 10.6%.
Conclusions: Mortality rate in our cohort is high. Multiple factors are involved. The care of very low birth infants in Jordan needs a lot of efforts to decrease mortality and improve morbidities. This is a prospective single center study. A multicenter study is needed that involves all health sectors in Jordan.