Motor Irradiation According to the Concept of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation: Measurement Tools and Future Prospects
Monara Nunes1,2, Diandra Martins e Silva1*, Rayele Moreira1, Fernanda Sousa1, Lysnara Lial1, Kaline Rocha3, Fernando Silva-Junior1,2,3, Marco Orsini4, Gildário Dias2, Silmar Teixeira3 and Victor Hugo Bastos1,5
- *Corresponding Author:
- Diandra Martins e Silva
Brain Mapping and Functionality Laboratory (LAMCEF/UFPI)
Federal University of Piauí, Brazil
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: April 4, 2016; Accepted date: April 23, 2016; Published date: April 28, 2016
Citation: Nunes M, Martins e Silva D, Moreira R, Sousa F, Lial L, et al. (2016) Motor Irradiation According to the Concept of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation: Measurement Tools and Future Prospects. Int J Phys Med Rehabil 4:330. doi: 10.4172/2329-9096.1000330
Copyright: © 2016 Nunes M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The concept of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation is widely used in the treatment of disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Among the basic principles, Motor Irradiation (MI) allows to activate weak muscles, by activating strong muscles. Despite being widely used, the neurophysiological basis that justify the Motor Irradiation and its measurement forms are not yet well understood, which motivated us to conduct a review of the databases of PubMed, Lilacs and Scielo, looking for articles that clarify the subject. The literature emphasizes three possible theories to justify MI, two neural and one biomechanical. There are several ways used to measure the MI, and the Electromyography, Functional magnetic resonance imaging and Load cell are the most cited in studies. Future studies could use the electroencephalography to measure the electrophysiological effects caused by strength irradiation in the Neuromuscular Facilitation Proprioceptive protocols.