alexa Multiple Important Plant Viruses Are Present On Vegetable Crops in Kuwait
ISSN: 2167-0870

Journal of Clinical Trials
Open Access

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Research Article

Multiple Important Plant Viruses Are Present On Vegetable Crops in Kuwait

Ebtisam M Al-Ali*, Al-Hashash H, Al-Aqeel H and Ben Hejji A
Biotechnology Program, Food Resources and Marine Sciences Division, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Kuwait
Corresponding Author : Ebtisam M Al-Ali
Biotechnology Program
Food Resources and Marine Sciences Division
Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research
P. O. Box 24885 Safat 13109 Kuwait
Tel: +(965)24989167
E-mail: [email protected]
Received July 22, 2013; Accepted August 27, 2013; Published August 29, 2013
Citation: Al-Ali EM, Al-Hashash H, Al-Aqeel H, Hejji AB (2013) Multiple Important Plant Viruses are Present on Vegetable Crops in Kuwait. J Clin Trials 3:136. doi:10.4172/2167-0870.1000136
Copyright: © 2013 Al-Ali EM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Plant virus diseases are wide-spread in Kuwait and cause significant economic losses in many crops. Four plant families, including Cucurbitaceae (cucumber, squash, melon, zucchini), Solanaceae (tomato, potato, pepper, eggplant), Liliaceae (onion) and Leguminosaea (bean) were surveyed for viruses by ELISA from December 2007 through May 2008. The survey was conducted on six farms located in the two main production areas, Wafra and Abdally agricultural districts. Each farm was visited four times during the production season. Eighteen plant viruses were detected, including Cucumber mosaic virus, Garlic common latent virus, Iris yellow spot virus, Onion yellow dwarf virus, Melon necrotic spot virus, Papaya ringspot virus, Pepino mosaic virus, Pepper mild mottle virus, Potato moptop virus, Potato virus M, Potato virus X, Potato virus Y, Squash mosaic virus, Tomato mosaic virus, Tomato spotted wilt virus, Tomato yellow leaf curl virus, Watermelon mosaic virus, and Zucchini yellow mosaic virus. Virus incidence was close to 100% on some crops, including cucurbit and onions and double or triple infections were common. Several important viruses were not found, including Potato virus A, Potato virus S, Potato leafroll virus, and Potato virus V.

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