alexa Multiple Spicata Coconut (MSC): A Rare Type of Coconut in Andaman Islands
ISSN: 2329-8936

Transcriptomics: Open Access
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Commentary

Multiple Spicata Coconut (MSC): A Rare Type of Coconut in Andaman Islands

Sankaran M1, Damodaran V1, Jerard BA2*, Abirami K1and Dam Roy S1
1Division of Horticulture and Forestry, Central Agricultural Research Institute, Port Blair, A&N Islands, India
2Central Plantation Crops Research Institute, Kasaragod, Kerala, India
Corresponding Author : Jerard BA
Central Plantation Crops Research Institute
Kasaragod, Kerala, India
Tel: 082552 39222
E-mail: [email protected]
Received November 09, 2015; Accepted December 11, 2015; Published December 16, 2015
Citation: Sankaran M, Damodaran V, Jerard BA, Abirami K, Roy DS (2015) Multiple Spicata Coconut (MSC): A Rare Type of Coconut in Andaman Islands Transcriptomics 3:123. doi:10.4172/2329-8936.1000123
Copyright: ©2015 Sankaran M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Coconut is a unique plantation crop of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and has been associated with socio cultural facts of people of these islands. Coconut is an important subsistence crop of the humid tropical zones and is a life-supporting species in fragile island and coastal ecosystems. Coconut is believed to have originated in the Indo- Malayan region (Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines) from where it was dispersed, mainly via oceanic currents, to sandy and coralline tropical coasts where it got established. In India, cultivation of coconut is in practice since time immemorial and grown in an area of 2.039 million hectares with the production of 21892 million nuts. During the last two decades in A&N Islands, the area has been increased to 21800 ha with a production of 113 million nuts and the productivity is 5184 nuts/ha against the national productivity of 10736 nuts/ ha. India holds the world’s largest repository of coconut germplasm with 411 accessions of which 285 are indigenous and 126 are exotic.

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