alexa Musculoskeletal Injuries in Dance: A Systematic Review
ISSN: 2329-9096

International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Open Access

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Review Article

Musculoskeletal Injuries in Dance: A Systematic Review

Allen N1-3*, Ribbans WJ4, Nevill AM2 and Wyon MA1-3

1The Jerwood Centre, Birmingham Royal Ballet Company, Birmingham, UK

2Research Centre for Sport Exercise and Performance, University of Wolverhampton, Walsall, UK

3National Institute of Dance Medicine and Science, London, UK

4University of Northampton, St George’s Ave, Northampton NN2 6JD, UK

*Corresponding Author:
Nick Allen
Clinical Director, Birmingham Royal Ballet Company
Thorp Street, West Midlands, B5 4AU and The Jerwood Centre
Birmingham Royal Ballet Company, Birmingham, UK
Tel: 01212453544
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: October 20, 2014; Accepted date: December 16, 2014; Published date: December 20, 2014

Citation: Allen N, Ribbans WJ, Nevill AM, Wyon MA (2015) Musculoskeletal Injuries in Dance: A Systematic Review. Int J Phys Med Rehabil 3:252. doi: 10.4172/2329-9096.1000252

Copyright: © 2015 Allen N, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Background: Within sport, mitigation of risk of injury through the use of comprehensive specialist sports medicine provision is commonplace. Dance participation, through its athletic nature can also introduce risk of injury, but unlike sport, is not always recognised that specialist medicinal provision will assist in the mitigation of that risk. Objectives: This systematic review has two objectives: to examine the extent of injury in dance participation; and the impact that specialist dance medicine provision has on overall dance injury incidence. Data sources: The review was undertaken using the Medline electronic databases using MeSH terms relating to the framing question. Study Eligibility Criteria and Participants: The study was based on ballet or any forms of artistic dance that had as its focus musculoskeletal injuries, or screening for injury prevention or interventions to reduce musculoskeletal injury. Interventions: The use of specialist dance medicine provision programmes including in-house medical teams, screening and exercise programmes Study appraisal and synthesis methods: As the literature relating to dance injury comprised of observational studies, the GRADE system was utilised. Results: The results of this systematic review reflect those of two previous systematic reviews in that little progress has been made in terms of quality of papers in recent years. On overall injury incidence of 1.33/1000hrs and a reduction in injury from 2.46/1000hrs to 0.84/1000hrs due to the impact of specialist dance medicine provision was calculated. Limitations: PubMed was not utilised as the search required medical subheadings and therefore the exclusion of unpublished work/thesis, poster presentations and abstracts along with chapters from books may reduce the total number of studies available from which evidence and recommendations can be drawn Conclusions and implications of key findings: An overall recommendation was made that, in the absence of stronger evidence, those involved with organising participation in dance consider the value of specialist medical provision. In addition, due to the low level of evidence reviewed, a call for consensus on injury data collection in dance is made to improve the quality of evidence in dance injury literature.


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