Needs Assessment for Development of a Mental Health Curriculum forVillage/Lay Health Workers to Manage Caregiver Burden in ZimbabweBazondlile Dube-Marimbe1*, Walter Mangezi1, Paritosh Kaul2, Farayi Kaseke3, Munyaradzi Madhombiro1 and Doreen Mukona4
- *Corresponding Author:
- Bazondlile Dube-Marimbe
Department of Psychiatry
College of Health Sciences
University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: November 14, 2016; Accepted Date: November 18, 2016; Published Date: November 25, 2016
Citation: Dube-Marimbe B, Mangezi W, Kaul P, Kaseke F, Madhombiro M, et al. (2016) Needs Assessment for Development of a Mental Health Curriculum for Village/Lay Health Workers to Manage Caregiver Burden in Zimbabwe. J Ment Disord Treat 2:129. doi:10.4172/2471-271X.1000129
Copyright: © 2016 Dube-Marimbe B, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Introduction: Village health workers (VHW)/Lay workers have been used effectively in HIV programmes in Zimbabwe and may potentially be useful in supporting caregivers of people with mental illness, if they are adequately trained and supervised by health professionals. Objective: To explore the training needs of VHW in supporting caregivers of persons with mental illness. Methods: Fifty two VHWs were conveniently selected from 5 out of 9 provinces in Zimbabwe and participated in focus group discussions (FGD) using a standardized study guide. Forty six health professionals completed a self-administered open ended questionnaire. Interviews were audio recorded and transcribed verbatim in Shona and translated into English. Data were analyzed thematically using Atlas Ti. Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 16 was used for sociodemographic data analysis. Results: The overall perceived training needs for VHW included training on counseling skills, psycho- education for caregivers, stress management, education on mental health conditions in order for them to effectively support caregivers of patients with mental illness in their communities in Zimbabwe. Conclusion: The needs analysis demonstrates perceived gaps in the knowledge of VHW in training caregivers of patients with mental illness. Designing a curriculum and assessing its impact on patient care and caregiver perceptions may go a long way in reducing caregiver burden in Zimbabwe.