Neurodevelopmental Outcome of Late Preterm Infants at 12 Months of Age
Louthrenoo O*, Boonchooduang N and Tantiprabha W
Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
- *Corresponding Author:
- Orawan Louthrenoo
Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine
Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
Email: [email protected]
Received date: October 12, 2015 Accepted date: November 3, 2015 Published date: November 11, 2015
Citation: Louthrenoo O, Boonchooduang N, Tantiprabha W (2015) Neurodevelopmental Outcome of Late Preterm Infants at 12 Months of Age. Clinics Mother Child Health 12:202. doi:10.4172/2090- 7214.1000202
Copyright: © 2015 Louthrenoo O, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Late-preterm infants (34-36+6 weeks’ gestation) are often believed to have no higher risks for morbidity and mortality than term infants. This study aims to evaluate the neurodevelopmental outcome of late preterm infants at 12 months of age, compared to term infants.
Methods: Neurodevelopmental assessment was administered using the Bayley Scale of Infant Development. Eighty participants, including 40 late preterm and 40 term infants were included.
Results: At 12 months of age, the neurodevelopmental assessments of late preterm infants adjusted for prematurity showed no difference from those of term infants. However, without adjusting for prematurity, late preterm infants had a significantly lower Mental Developmental Index and Psychomotor Developmental Index scores than term infants.
Conclusion: The findings in this study reveal that late preterm infants had not completed their developmental maturation at 12 months of age. Monitoring these children may help in the early identification of developmental problems and provide appropriate intervention.