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ISSN: 2329-6895

Journal of Neurological Disorders
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Review Article

Neuronal anatomy, circuity and physiology targeted in the treatment of psychiatric disease via surgical intervention

Ayden Jacob*
Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, Translational Medicine and Bioengineering Program, UC Berkeley Department of Engineering, UC San Francisco School of Medicine, USA
Corresponding Author : Ayden Jacob
Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences
Translational Medicine and Bioengineering Program UC Berkeley Department of Engineering
UC San Francisco School of Medicine, USA
Tel: 3103863174, 3235773770
E-mail: [email protected]
Received January 18, 2013; Accepted April 17, 2013; Published April 19, 2013
Citation: Hayempour BJ (2013) Neuronal anatomy, circuity and physiology targeted in the treatment of psychiatric disease via surgical intervention. J Neurol Disord 1:115. doi: 10.4172/2329-6895.1000115
Copyright: © 2013 Hayempour BJ. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Mental health awareness is a central focus of our society. It is essential that we begin to analyze the various forms and methods of treatment with which we provide patients with neuropsychiatric disorders. The introduction of innovative biomedical technologies, as well as enhanced neuropharmacologic therapies, has provided the mental health community with the ability to treat these patients with quality care. The long medical history of the integration of neuropsychiatric treatment into formal medical practice becomes imperative if we are to improve the treatment plans this field offers. Understanding the neurobiological basis of psychiatric disease may afford us with the ability to further our comprehension of the underlying mechanisms in these diseases, and thereby develop improved methodologies of treatment. Under limited conditions, mental health patients may seek neurosurgical intervention to better treat their disease. This practice, though ancient, illustrates how the biomedical community identifies neuro-substrate regions of the brain which may account for specific psychiatric disorders. Understanding the development and history of the psychosurgery procedure provides glaring information as to how the treatment of mental health patients needs to continuously evolve and adapt, catering to the medical needs of the mental health community. Advances in neurobiology, psychiatry, functional imaging, and stereotaxy, converge in support of further investigation of modern functional neurosurgical procedures to treat psychiatric disorders in patients with conditions refractory to all other therapies.

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