Neuroscience of Reward: Implications for Food Addiction and Nutrition Policy
Thomas Horman and Francesco Leri*
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada
- *Corresponding Author:
- Francesco Leri
Professor and Chair
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience
University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada
Tel: (519) 824-4120
Fax: (519) 837-8629
E-mail: [email protected]oguelph.ca
Received Date: November 11, 2016; Accepted Date: November 22, 2016; Published Date: November 30, 2016
Citation: Horman T, Leri F (2016) Neuroscience of Reward: Implications for Food Addiction and Nutrition Policy. J Nutr Food Sci 6:569. doi: 10.4172/2155-9600.1000569
Copyright: © 2016 Horman T, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
According to the World Health Organization, unhealthy diet is one key contributor to the development of noncommunicable diseases. The global response to this problem has primarily involved the implementation of nutritional policies intended on raising public awareness, and providing information through nutritional guidelines and product labels. However, there is experimental evidence suggesting that certain foods may promote addictive processes and consequent unhealthy dietary choices. This review discusses neurobiological mechanisms of reward involved in the consumption of refined sugars and fats, and the aforementioned indicators of their addictive characteristics. By acknowledging that these foods can act on brain reward systems to promote excessive or addictive consumption, policy makers may need to address issues of unhealthy diets by considering approaches that target availability, regulations within the food industry, taxation and advertising.