Non Chlamydial Acute Bacterial Conjunctivitis in Sudanese ChildrenAbubakr Abdallah Abd Almajeed, Elfatih Bushara, Nawal el Tayeb Omer*, Omer Mohammed Ibrahim and Gafer Mohamed Ibrahem
Khartoum College of Medical Sciences, Khartoum, Sudan
- *Corresponding Author:
- Nawal el Tayeb Omer
Department of Pathology
Khartoum College of Medical Sciences
Khartoum 10995, Sudan
Tel: +249 571 822 022
Email: [email protected]
Received date: June 08, 2015; Accepted date: December 11, 2015; Published date: December 16, 2015
Citation: Almajeed AAA, Bushara E, Omer N el T, Ibrahim OM, Ibrahem GM (2015) Non Chlamydial Acute Bacterial Conjunctivitis in Sudanese Children. J Bacteriol Parasitol 6:253. doi: 10.4172/2155-9597.1000253
Copyright: © 2015 Almajeed AAA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
In children there is a paucity of data in recent literature on the prevalence of infective conjunctivitis and almost it is absent from an area like Sudan. This research was aimed to study the point prevalence of a cute bacterial conjunctivitis in Sudanese children and put light on causative bacterial pathogens. Acute bacterial conjunctivitis is a common infection in children and it may be extremely contagious and easily spread in day care centres and school class rooms leading to absences or lost time from work for parents, outbreaks may occur. Common presenting symptoms are red eye and eye discharge. Commonly involved bacteria are Staphylococcus aureus and Haemophilus influenzae. Generally it is a mild disease but more serious complications may occur.
Methods: Hundred children with clinical presentation of acute conjunctivitis were included in this study. For each patient a sample for bacterial culture and sensitivity to commonly used antibiotics was obtained by a thin cotton micro swab, isolation and identification of pathogens was done by conventional methods. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed according to method standardized by CLSI. Data was analyzed by SPSS computer program.
Results: The most common presenting symptom is the red eye. Bacterial pathogens were detected in 65% of the studied sample. Predominant bacterial pathogens were Staphylococcus aureus and Haemophilus influenzae, Klebsiella pneumoniae is a cause in small number of patients. All isolates are sensitive to Gentamycin.
Conclusion: Acute bacterial conjunctivitis is a common infection in children, muco purulent discharge points to bacterial cause in acute infective conjunctivitis. Staphylococcus aureus is a common pathogen and it is sensitive to Gentamycin.