alexa Nosocomial Infections Incidence Rates, Bulgaria, 1999-2011 | OMICS International
ISSN: 2155-9597

Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Nosocomial Infections Incidence Rates, Bulgaria, 1999-2011

Todorova-Christova M1*, Vatcheva R2, Filipova R3, Kamenova T3, Arnaudov Y4, Radulova Y4, Ivanov I1 and Dobreva E1

1National Center of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Sofia, Bulgaria

2University Hospital “Queen Yoanna”, Sofia, Bulgaria

3Ministry of Health, Sofia, Bulgaria

4National Center of Public Health and Analyses, Sofia, Bulgaria

*Corresponding Author:
Todorova-Christova M
National Center of Public Health and Analyses
Sofia, Bulgaria
Tel: +359 2 94 46 99
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: November 29, 2014; Accepted date: March 04, 2015; Published date: March 09, 2015

Citation: Todorova-Christova M, Vatcheva R, Filipova R, Kamenova T, Arnaudov Y, et al. (2015) Nosocomial Infections Incidence Rates, Bulgaria, 1999-2011. J Bacteriol Parasitol 6:218. doi: 10.4172/2155-9597.1000218

Copyright: © 2015 Todorova-Christova M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

The study presents an analysis in two parts of the officially registered NI in the country by the computerized information system (CIS-NI) in the course of a 13-year period (1999-2011). The system employs two types of indicesincidence rate (morbidity, recalculatred in the study per 1000 patients discharged) and percentage distribution (frequency distribution, relative frequency distribution) by infection sites and microbial agents. This part discusses the overall NI incidence rates by hospital and wards categories, accentuating upon pediatric and intensive care wards-anesthesiology and resuscitation, intensive therapy.

The average incidence rate is 10% at the following distribution by infection sites: VAP-5%, surgical site infections (SSI) and pulmonary infections (the latter including bronchitis, bronchiolitis, pneumonia, non-associated with procedure of endotracheal intubation) of 16-18% each; urinary tract infections (UTI) 13-15%; sepsis 4-5%, enteric, skin infections, of the sense organs, intraabdominal and cardiovascular system infections-approximately 2% of each group, endometritis and other gynecologic infections-1%, mastitis in young mothers-0.1%. Microbiologically diagnosed are 50-60% ?f the infections as a total and in 40-50% unconfirmed and unexamined microbiologically.

E. coli and S. aureus are identified in about one third of the total number of infections, the rest isolates pertain to opportunistic bacterial species, known for their multiresistence: Klebsiella spp, Pseudomonas spp, Acinetobacter spp etc.

The incidence rate of infections ranges within low limits, e.g, LRTIs (pulmonary infections)-pediatric wards-upto 3%; VAP/ pulmonary infections-resuscitation (A&R) 15-19%, intensive therapy (IT) 5-8%; UTIs-resuscitation, urology-13%; SSIs-burn units-38%, septic surgery-23%, vascular surgery-11%; sepsis-burn units-22%, resuscitation-8%, cardiovascular surgery-6%, ICUs-5%.

The official registration system provides reliable information on a national level for the purpose of NI surveillance and control. The system interpretes the original data of the wards in basic indices as incidence and microbial isolates‘ distribution. This official database reflects the efforts in the sphere of NI prevention and control. Possible additional links to the system would contribute to direct comparisons of indices regarding the care for patients undergoing risk procedures.

Keywords

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version