alexa and#8220;Now I see a brighter dayand#8221;: expectations and perceived benefits of an Iyengar yoga intervention for young patients with rheumatoid arthritis | Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7595

Journal of Yoga & Physical Therapy
Open Access

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Research Article

“Now I see a brighter day”: expectations and perceived benefits of an Iyengar yoga intervention for young patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Subhadra Evans1*, Mona Moieni1, Saskia Subramanian2, Jennie C. I. Tsao1, Beth Sternlieb1 and Lonnie K. Zeltzer1

1Pediatric Pain Program, Department of Pediatrics at the David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, USA

2UCLA Center for Culture and Health, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, Los Angeles, California, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Dr. Subhadra Evans, PhD
Pediatric Pain Program, Department of Pediatrics
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
MDCC 22- 464, 10833 Le Conte Ave 90024, United States.
Tel:
310-475-3191
Fax: 310-475- 5363
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: October 18, 2010; Accepted Date: March 30, 2011; Published Date: June 11, 2011

Citation: Evans S, Moieni M, Subramanian S, Tsao JCI, Sternlieb B, et al. (2011) "Now I see a brighter day": expectations and perceived benefits of an Iyengar yoga intervention for young patients with rheumatoid arthritis. J Yoga Phys Therapy 1:101. doi:10.4172/2157-7595.1000101

Copyright: © 2011 Evans S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Abstract

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic disease characterized by inflammation of joints and associated fatigue, deteriorated range of motion, and impaired psychosocial functioning. Young adults with RA are at a particular risk for compromised health-related quality of life, and there is a need for safe, effective complementary treatment in addition to traditional medical approaches. The aim of the present study was to use face-to-face participant interviews, conducted before and after an Iyengar yoga (IY) program, to examine mechanisms through which yoga may be beneficial to young adults with RA. This pilot study utilized a single-arm design where all participants received the intervention. Classes were taught twice per week (1.5 hours each) for 6 weeks by an IY teacher qualified in therapeutics. Interview themes included participants' baseline expectations about yoga and viewpoints as to how their functioning had been impacted by the IY intervention were examined. Five young adults with RA aged 24- 31 years (mean = 28; 80% female) completed the yoga intervention. Participants consistently reported that yoga helped with energy, relaxation and mood and they discussed perceived mechanisms for how yoga impacted well-being. Mechanisms included physical changes such as range of motion and physiological awareness, and psycho spiritual developments such as acceptance, coping, self-efficacy and mindfulness. Though the study is limited, participants' responses provide compelling evidence that IY for RA patients is an intervention worthy of further exploration. The mechanisms and outcomes reported by participants support a biopsychosocial model, which proposes that yoga benefits patients through both physiological and psycho spiritual changes.

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