alexa Numerical and Experimental Study on the Ability of Dynamic Roughness to Alter the Development of a Leading Edge Vortex
ISSN: 2476-2296

Fluid Mechanics: Open Access
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Research Article

Numerical and Experimental Study on the Ability of Dynamic Roughness to Alter the Development of a Leading Edge Vortex

Christopher D Griffin1*, Wade W Huebsch1, Alric P. Rothmayer2 and Jay P. Wilhelm3

1Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, 26506, USA

2Department of Aerospace Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA

3Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Griffin GD
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
West Virginia University
Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
Tel: (304) 293-3386
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: September 15, 2016; Accepted Date: October 20, 2016; Published Date: October 30, 2016

Citation: Griffin CD, Huebsch WW, Rothmayer AP, Wilhelm JP (2016) Numerical and Experimental Study on the Ability of Dynamic Roughness to Alter the Development of a Leading Edge Vortex. Fluid Mech Open Acc 3: 137.

Copyright: © 2016 Griffin CD, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Both computational fluid dynamics, using two- and three-dimensional commercial flow solvers (FLUENT), and experimental analysis (Particle Image Velocimetry) were used to document the ability of sub-boundary layer oscillating surface perturbations (dynamic roughness) to alter the development of a leading edge vortex (LEV) on an airfoil undergoing dynamic stall. The ability to delay or instigate LEV development can potentially lead to methods that can take advantage of the sustained lift while limiting the consequences associated with the shedding of the vortex. Both computational and experimental results show the ability of dynamic roughness to alter the development of a LEV on a rapidly pitching airfoil. Computational simulations were performed in a Reynolds number range from 25,000 to 50,000 at a reduced frequency of 0.1, while experiments included this range as well as runs up to a Reynolds number of 200,000 and reduced frequencies of 0.1, 0.15, and 0.2. The lift-to-drag ratio was increased by approximately 60% at 15° AOA.


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