Special Issue Article
Nurses Use of Complementary Alternative Medicine for Cancer Patients in Japan.
|Midori Kamizato1*, Sayuri Jahana1, Naomi Tamai1, Yuko Aihara1, Kaori Saeki1, Kaori Shimizu2, Yukari Tukahara3, Ryuta Yoshizawa4, Kasumi Hamada1, Kayo Nagano1, Mieko Taira1, Risa Takamiya1, Kumiko Tamashiro1 and Mizuho Tajima5|
|1Graduate School of Nursing, Okinawa Prefectural College of Nursing, Japan|
|2Department of Nursing, Faculty of Human Health, Meio University, Japan|
|3Yukary’s aroma therapy, Japan|
|4Naha- City Hospital, Japan|
|5National Cancer Center Hospital East, Japan|
|Corresponding Author :||Midori Kamizato, RN, PHN, PhD
Graduate School of Nursing
Okinawa Prefectural College of Nursing
Fax: +81-98-833-8881 or +81-98-833-5133
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received December 08, 2012; Accepted June 25, 2013; Published July 01, 2013|
|Citation: Kamizato M, Jahana S, Tamai N, Aihara Y, Saeki K, et al. (2013) Nurses’ Use of Complementary Alternative Medicine for Cancer Patients in Japan. J Nurs Care S5:011. doi:10.4172/2167-1168.S5-011|
|Copyright: © 2013 Hirakawa Y, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Purpose/Objective: To identify oncology nurses’ use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for cancer patients in Japan.
Design: Descriptive, cross sectional.
Setting: Five central cancer hospitals, five general hospitals, and four Palliative Care Units in Japan.
Sample: A convenience sample consisting of 1134 oncology nurses with a Japanese Nursing license.
Methods: A researcher-developed self-reported questionnaire for CAM was delivered to nurses who were involved with cancer patients in hospitals and palliative care units (PCU).
Findings: The response rate was 71% (801/1134). The nurses’ knowledge of CAM was 42 % (40% in hospitals and 68.4% in PCU). The use of CAM for nursing practice was 29.4% (26% in hospitals and 71% in PCU). The types of CAM used were massage therapy (78%), lymph drainage (46%), aromatherapy (43%), touching (42%), music therapy (33%), acupressure and breathing (19%), hot pack therapy (16%), acupuncture (13%). Barriers of using CAM in nursing practice were because of insufficient skill (73%) and knowledge (68%), and having no time (70%) for CAM. However, 80% of the nurses wanted to use CAM such as aromatherapy (72%), massage therapy (61%), lymph drainage (53%), and music therapy (43%). The purposes of aroma and music therapy use for patients were relaxation, relieving anxiety, pain, insomnia, edema, and fatigue. Fifty-six percent of nurses had been asked by patients about healthy food or supplement. Only 8.7% of nurses knew about the Cancer CAM guideline (hospitals 8% vs. PCU 23%).
Conclusion: Nurses performing CAM do not yet have sufficient knowledge or utilization practices, and there are difficulties with both skills and time management. However, there is reason to be optimistic about providing safe and effective CAM treatment to cancer patients. Therefore, it is necessary to enhance the education afforded to nurses in order to realize effective CAM usage. Developing CAM educational programs for nurses will be the next step in research with simple and easy to use CAM therapies in nursing practices in Japan.