Nutrient Intake and Anthropometric Profile of Healthy Adult Men and Women Couples from Selected Households in West Sea Coast Belt of South Karnataka-A Comparative Study
- *Corresponding Author:
- Archana Prabhat
Associate Professor, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics
University of Mangalore, Moodbidri-574227, Karnataka, India
Tel: 238106-234(O), 09986665759
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: April 14, 2014; Accepted Date: May 28, 2014; Published Date: May 30, 2014
Citation: Prabhat A, Begum K (2014) Nutrient Intake and Anthropometric Profile of Healthy Adult Men and Women Couples from Selected Households in West Sea Coast Belt of South Karnataka-A Comparative Study. J Nutr Food Sci 4: 279. doi: 10.4172/2155-9600.1000279
Copyright: © 2014 Prabhat A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Health is a relative expression of metabolic efficiency, and is a valued state of existence in individuals especially during adulthood. Food intake is directly associated with the health and wellbeing of a person. Background: Co existence of under nutrition and obesity is a matter of major concern. Objective: It was proposed to develop data base about the mean nutrient intake, its difference among genders, and anthropometric profile of adult population and association between BMI and WHR. Methodology: Demographic data, nutrient intake (diary technique), energy expenditure (WHO method) and anthropometric measurements (height, weight, MUAC, waist and hip circumferences) were obtained using standard procedures. 70 couples aged 45-54 yrs who were free from degenerative disease from different socioeconomic classes (SEC) of Karkala and Moodbidri Taluks formed the subjects. Results: All the participant were educated, regarding occupation, 41% men had business and 58% women were homemakers others had varied kind of jobs. 51% couples were non vegetarians. Mean nutrient (Energy) intakes of male and females partners respectively are: 1916.0 ± 368.470 and 1745.0 ± 560.764 kcals; 50.3 ± 8.170 and 51.27 ± 24.569 g protein, 32.4 ± 5.997 and 56.91 ± 20.946 g fat; Compared to RDA, intake of all nutrients except fat and calcium was markedly low. Both men and women had normal BMI however WHR was higher indicating central obesity (1.08 ± 0.14 and 1.08 ± 0.13); MUAC was 29.05 ± 6.29 and 24.74 ± 9.28 cms for males and females respectively. Conclusion: Central obesity was observed among both the adult group although they had normal BMI.