alexa Nutrients and Heavy Metals in Flowers and Corms of the Saffron Crocus (Crocus sativus L.)
ISSN: 2167-0412

Medicinal & Aromatic Plants
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Research Article

Nutrients and Heavy Metals in Flowers and Corms of the Saffron Crocus (Crocus sativus L.)

Chichiriccò G1*, Barbara Lanza2, Pierpaolo Piccone3 and Anna Poma1

1Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L’Aquila, Via Vetoio, I-67010 Coppito, L’Aquila, Italy

2Research Centre for Olive Growing and Oil Industry, Città S. Angelo (PE), Italy

3Regional Agency for the Protection of the Environment, Provincial District of L’Aquila, Caselle di Bazzano (AQ), Italy

*Corresponding Author:
Chichiriccò G
Department of Life
Health and Environmental Sciences
University of L’Aquila
Via Vetoio, I-67010 Coppito
L’Aquila, Italy
Tel: +39862433241
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: April 06, 2016; Accepted date: June 06, 2016; Published date: June 09, 2016

Citation: Chichiriccò G, Lanza B, Piccone P, Poma A (2016) Nutrients and Heavy Metals in Flowers and Corms of the Saffron Crocus (Crocus sativus L.). Med Aromat Plants 5:254. doi:10.4172/2167-0412.1000254

Copyright: © 2016 Chichiriccò G, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

We used ICP mass spectrometry and gas chromatography to examine the nutritional properties of the flower organs of saffron crocus grown in two cultivation fields. The pollenkitt consisted of a variety of mainly unsaturated fatty acids of dietary value, and fats of the same type were also on the anther wall. Microelements important for the human body were at concentrations allowable in both pollen and anther wall cells. Lead and mercury were below allowable levels, unlike arsenic which in pollen of the Field A was 1.70 μg/g, and cadmium which in the Field B was 0.29 μg/g in pollen and 0.43 μg/g in the anther wall cells. The contamination of the stamens was associated with the high concentration of heavy metals found in the soil. Phosphorus, magnesium and calcium were high and sodium low in both pollen and anther wall cells, regardless of the cultivation fields. Styles and corms were rich in macroelements and not contamined by heavy metals. If on one hand pollen and anthers of saffron deserve attention as dietary supplements, on the other it must be taken into due account their tendency to absorb toxic metals from the soil.

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