Biodiesel production from waste vegetable oil (Sunflower) obtained from fried chicken and plantain
Benard A Udeh*
Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Department of Environmental Sciences, Cyprus International University, Haspolat, Nicosia, Turkey
- *Corresponding Author:
- Benard A Udeh
Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Department of Environmental Sciences
Cyprus International University, Haspolat, Nicosia, Turkey
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: March 08, 2017; Accepted Date: March 30, 2017; Published Date: Apriil 17, 2017
Citation: Udeh BA (2017) Biodiesel Production from Waste Vegetable Oil (Sunflower) Obtained from Fried Chicken and Plantain. J Pet Environ Biotechnol 7:321. doi: 10.4172/2157-7463.1000321
Copyright: © 2017 Udeh BA. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Waste sunflower oil sourced from fried chicken and plantain was used for biodiesel production in this study. During the transesterification process, 161 ml of ethanol containing 96% (v/v) was added to 250 ml of waste sunflower oil using NaOH as the catalyst at different concentrations (2.0% to 4.0%) and temperatures (45°C, 60°C, 70°C and 85°C). Biodiesel yield of 88.6% was obtained at the temperature of 70°C in 3.0% NaOH. Viscosity test at room temperature and specific gravity evaluation recorded 2.81 cm2s-1 and 0.912 Kg/m3 respectively. The high energy density obtained from waste sunflower biodiesel blend is comparable with the hydrocarbon-based fossil fuel, an indication for smooth engine runs. This means that waste sunflower oil could be a veritable material for energy production as the alternative to greenhouse issues of fossil fuel diesel blend.