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ISSN: 2161-0509

Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy
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Research Article

Nutritional Status and Associated Factors in Institutionalized Elderly

Costa Bruna Vieira de Lima1, Fonseca Leorges Moraes2 and Lopes Aline Cristine Souza3*
1Nutricionista Ph.D. in Nursing and Health School of Nursing, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG) and Research Group in Nutrition Interventions – GIN, Brazil
2Professor, Department of Technology and Inspection of Animal Products, School of Veterinary Medicine, Brazil
3Department of Maternal-Child Nursing and Public Health - Nursing School - UFMG, Research Group in Nutrition Interventions - GIN, Centre for Urban Health and Center for Studies in Public Health and Aging – NESPE, Brazil
Corresponding Author : Aline Cristine Souza Lopes
School of Nursing,Department of Maternal-Child Nursing and Public Health
Avenida Alfredo Balena 190, 4th Floor, Room 420
Santa Iphigenia, CEP 30130-100, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Tel/Fax: 31 3409-9179 / 3409-9860
E-mail: [email protected]
Received April 10, 2012; Accepted June 26, 2012; Published June 28, 2012
Citation: de Lima CBV, Moraes FL, Cristine Souza LA (2012) Nutritional Status and Associated Factors in Institutionalized Elderly. J Nutr Disorders Ther 2:116. doi:10.4172/2161-0509.1000116
Copyright: © 2012 de Lima CBV, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Peculiar situations due to physiological changes of aging, the diseases present and psychosocial factors and dietary factors can influence the nutritional status of the elderly. The purpose was to identify nutritional status and associated factors among elderly residents of a long-term institution for the elderly in Belo Horizonte-MG. Sectional study conducted using a representative random sample. Socioeconomic data, nutrient intake and anthropometry were collected and a Mini Nutritional Assessment was conducted. The analysis employed multinomial logistic regression and decision trees. There was high prevalence of overweight (46.1%) among subjects, according to body mass index, as well as risk of malnutrition, according to the Mini Nutritional Assessment (67.3%), and inadequate intake of nutrients. In the decision tree analysis, it was found that the more independent elderly, who received visits and contributed financially less to the institution, had better nutritional status. Inadequate nutritional status associated with social conditions and mobility indicates the need to promote healthy eating habits by a nutrition team in conjunction with nursing staff and other professionals providing comprehensive health care for the elderly.

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