Obesity, Central Obesity, Overweight and Diabetes: Women are the Most Affected in Burkina Faso
Yaméogo Téné Marceline1,2*, Sombié Issiaka1,3, Ag Ouéaogo S Macaire1,2, Kyélem Carole Gilberte1,2, Yaméogo Aimé Arsène1,2, Rouamba Nadège4, Lankoandé Djingri2, Pr Ag Sawadogo Apollinaire2,5 and Prabo Y Joseph5
- *Corresponding Author:
- Yaméogo Téné Marceline
Higher Institute of Health Sciences [INSSA]
University of Bobo–Dioulasso, Burkina Faso, West Africa
Tel: +226 70 07 51 40
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: February 16, 2014; Accepted date: March 28, 2014; Published date: April 03, 2014
Citation: Marceline YT, Issiaka S, Macaire AOS, Gilberte KC, Arsène YA, et al. (2014) Obesity, Central Obesity, Overweight and Diabetes: Women are the Most Affected in Burkina Faso. J Women’s Health Care 3:155. doi: 10.4172/2167-0420.1000155
Copyright: © 2014 Marceline YT, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Objective: To determine the importance of obesity and analyze the relationship between general obesity and central obesity in persons with diabetes monitored in Bobo-Dioulasso teaching hospital.
Methods: We used a sample of 380 persons with diabetes recruited through a study on compliance with follow-up examinations. Overweight and obesity were researched using the Quételet index, or Body Mass Index [BMI], which is defined as the individual’s mass divided by the square of their height, as well as waist size. Univariate analysis and multivariate regression were used [p<0.05].
Results: We found that 22.6% were obese [n=86], 29.2% were overweight [n=111] and 65.3% had central obesity [n=240]. The majority of obese [98.8%] and overweight cases [87.4%] and also 40.0% of those with normal BMI [n=160] and 8.6% of underweight cases [n=23] had central obesity. Being a woman was associated with general and central obesity. In a univariate analysis, obese were more likely to be woman, educated, have low incomes, reside in urban areas and have central obesity and a metabolic syndrome; central obesity is associated with being a woman, having a low income, residing in an urban area and having hypertension, obesity and a metabolic syndrome. In a multivariate analysis, being a woman, educated and having central obesity was found to be associated with obesity. On the other hand, being a woman, residing in an urban area and having hypertension, obesity and a metabolic syndrome remained associated with central obesity.
Conclusion: Obesity, and above all, central obesityis a big problem in persons with diabetes, particularly in women in Bobo-Dioulasso, and waist size seems to be a better measurement compared to BMI. These results call for more organized diabetes care and prevention in Burkina Faso.