Obesity Indicators and Chronic Illness among Chinese Americans: A Pilot Study
|www.omicsonline.org/proceedings/future-burden-of-chronic-liver-diseases-and-fatty-liver-dilemma-55081.htmlShan Liu1, Mei R Fu2*, Sophia H Hu3, Vincent Y Wang4, Robert Crupi5, Jeanna M Qiu2, Chuck Cleland2and Gail D'Eramo Melkus2|
|1College of Nursing and Public Health, Adelphi University, USA|
|2College of Nursing, New York University, USA|
|3School of Nursing, Taipei Medical University, Taiwan|
|4Internal Medicine Office, USA|
|5Department of Medicine, New York Hospital of Queens, USA|
|Corresponding Author :||Mei R. Fu, PhD
RN, ACNS-BC, FAAN
College of Nursing, New York University
433 First Avenue, 4th Floor, Room 426
New York City, New York, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received: July 14, 2015 Accepted: August 06, 2015 Published: August 31, 2015|
|Citation:Liu S, Fu MR, Hu SH, Wang VY, Crupi R, et al. (2015) Obesity Indicators and Chronic Illness among Chinese Americans: A Pilot Study. J Obes Weight Loss Ther 5: 270. doi:10.4172/2165-7904.1000270|
|Copyright: ©2015 Liu S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited|
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Background: Chinese Americans have increased rates for obesity in the United States. Little is known about obesity indicators and chronic illness, and the relationship between them in Chinese Americans.
Methods: A descriptive and cross-sectional study was designed. Chinese-American adults were recruited from a community health center in New York. Obesity indicators including waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), Body Mass Index (BMI), weight to hip ratio, weight to height ratio, fasting blood glucose (FPG), Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C) were evaluated. Chronic illnesses were assessed using a researcher developed self-report checklist and verified by medical record review.
Results: Among 162 Chinese American participants, who were recruited, 94 subjects had fewer than three chronic illnesses and 68 subjects had three or more chronic illnesses. The three most common chronic illnesses in this population were diabetes (65.4%), hypertension (46.9%), and eye problem (38.3%). Controlling for all demographic factors, numbers of chronic illnesses remained significant associations with obesity indicators of WC (p=0.006), HC (p=0.020), weight to height ratio (p=0.011), HbA1C (p=0.026). Obesity indicators also had significant associations with individual chronic illness of diabetes, hypertension, heart diseases, eye and food problems.
Conclusion: General Obesity indicator (BMI), central obesity indicators (WC, HC, weight to height ratio) and HbA1c were significantly associated with chronic illnesses in Chinese Americans.