alexa Occurrence, Ecotoxicology, and Treatment of Anticancer
ISSN: 2161-0525

Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology
Open Access

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Review Article

Occurrence, Ecotoxicology, and Treatment of Anticancer Agents as Water Contaminants

Hao Xie*

Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, 9500 Euclid Avenue, NA21, Cleveland, OH, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Hao Xie, PhD
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University,
9500 Euclid Avenue
NA21, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
Tel: 216-767-6673
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: June 04, 2012; Accepted date: June 21, 2012; Published date: June 23, 2012

Citation: Xie H (2012) Occurrence, Ecotoxicology, and Treatment of Anticancer Agents as Water Contaminants. J Environ Anal Toxicol S2:002. doi:10.4172/2161-0525.S2-002

Copyright: © 2012 Xie H, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Anticancer agents as water contaminants belong to a general class of pharmaceuticals and personal care products as pollutants (PPCPs) that are widely present in the environment. They are less studied compared to other PPCPs in the past two decades. However, the cytotoxicity, genotoxicity, and endocrine disruption of these agents mar more concerning adverse effects on the environment and human health. Here, we review different classes of anticancer agents as emerging water contaminants, their occurrence in various waterbodies, the ecotoxicology, and the strategies for their treatment.

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