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Once Upon a Microscopic Slide: The Story of Histology | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7099

Journal of Cytology & Histology
Open Access

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Review Article

Once Upon a Microscopic Slide: The Story of Histology

Inaya Hajj Hussein1*, Mohamad Raad2, Rawan Safa2, Rosalyn Jurjus3and Abdo Jurjus2

1Department of Biomedical Sciences, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Rochester 48307, MI, USA

2Department of Anatomy, Cell biology and Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, American University of Beirut, Lebanon

3Department of Anatomy and Regenerative Biology, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, The George Washington University, Washington, D.C., United States.

*Corresponding Author:
Inaya Hajj Hussein
Department of Biomedical Sciences
OUWB School of Medicine
Rochester, MI 48309, USA
Tel: 2848217230
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: September 29, 2015; Accepted Date: October 17, 2015 Published Date: October 19, 2015

Citation:Hussein IH, Raad M, Safa R, Jurjus R, Jurjus A (2015) Once Upon a Microscopic Slide: The Story of Histology. J Cytol Histol 6:377. doi:10.4172/2157-7099.1000377

Copyright: ©2015 Hussein IH, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


For centuries, histology has maintained its remarkable place in the medical curriculum. However, its teaching has been influenced by the new technological advancement that has reshaped medicine teaching into a more modern student-friendly form. Since its inception in the 18th century, the discipline of histology has progressed hand in hand with the advancements in microscopy and microscopic technologies, including immunohistochemistry. In the traditional curriculum of USA medical schools, especially after the first Flexner’s report of 1910, histology was considered as very essential topic for a physician studying the “Art and Science” of medicine. In this era, the teaching relied more on the light microscope and to some extent on the electron microscope. However, the field nowadays, after the second Flexner’s report, which stressed the importance of integrating clinical topics in the curriculum, is shifting towards the use of more electronic resources for teaching. Such new resources rely on information technology and electronic imaging modalities which are considered to be more student-friendly, time efficient, consistent in conveying the images, promote self-learning and are less costly. In fact, in the last 25 years, most universities started relying on virtual microscopy with limited use of the light microscopy by the students. Such an approach facilitated curricular integration of histology into histopathology and provided the opportunity to promote self-learning and clinical relevance. In the era of competency-based curriculum, histology remains an essential and indispensable basic science in the integrated modules