|Suzanne Katrina V Palafox1, Smitha Jasper1, Tauber1, Allyson D1 and Stephen Foster C1,2*|
|1Massachusetts Eye Research and Surgery Institution, Research Fellow, Massachusetts, USA|
|2Massachusetts Eye Research and Surgery Institution, Founder and President, Ocular Immunology and Uveitis Foundation, Founder and President, Harvard Medical School, Clinical Professor of Ophthalmology, USA|
|Corresponding Author :||Stephen Foster C
5 Cambridge Center, 8th Floor
Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received September 29, 2010; Accepted December 23, 2010; Published December 27, 2010|
|Citation: Palafox SKV, Jasper S, Tauber, Allyson D, Foster SC (2011) Ophthalmia Neonatorum. J Clinic Experiment Ophthalmol 2:119. doi:10.4172/2155-9570.1000119|
|Copyright: © 2011 Palafox SKV, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
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Ophthalmia neonatorum, inflammation of the conjunctiva with discharge manifesting within the first 28 days of life, is acquired by the neonate during passage through the infected birth canal. This condition also known as neonatal conjunctivitis can result in visually disabling complications. The spectrum of infectious pathogens which cause neonatal conjunctivitis differs in various parts of the world, depending upon the relative prevalence of prenatal maternal care and the use of prophylactic treatment to prevent infections in the pregnant mother and the newborn infant.
The common infectious causes of ophthalmia neonatorum include Chlamydia trachomatis, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermis, Escherichia coli, Neisseria gonorrhea, other gram-negative bacteria, and Herpes Simplex virus. Data support a high index of suspicion based on history and clinical presentation, various diagnostic techniques and modes of antimicrobial therapy as all contributory to reducing the occurrence of neonatal conjunctivitis.