alexa Ophthalmic Presentation of Onchocerca Nodules in a Nigerian Community
ISSN: 2329-9126

Journal of General Practice
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Research Article

Ophthalmic Presentation of Onchocerca Nodules in a Nigerian Community

Wilson I. B. Onuigbo1*and Ifeoma R. Ezegwui2
1Department of Pathology, Medical Foundation and Clinic, 8 Nsukka Lane, Enugu, Nigeria
2Department of Ophthalmology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria
Corresponding Author : Wilson I. B. Onuigbo
Department of Pathology
Medical Foundation and Clinic
8 Nsukka Lane
Enugu, Nigeria
Tel: +2348037208680
Email: [email protected]
Received: November 05, 2015 Accepted: December 16, 2015 Published: December 24, 2015
Citation: Wilson I. B. Onuigbo, Ifeoma R. Ezegwui (2015) Ophthalmic Presentation of Onchocerca Nodules in a Nigerian Community. J Gen Practice 3:211. doi:10.4172/2329-9126.1000211
Copyright: © 2015 Wilson I. B. Onuigbo, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

This retrospective study reviewed the clinical and histopathological features of ophthalmic onchocerciasis. The 30-year laboratory records of all the patients of the Igbo ethnic group, whose surgical specimens were received at a Central Pathology Laboratory service in south-eastern Nigeria, West Africa, were reviewed. The cases with the histopathologic diagnosis of onchocerciasis involving ophthalmic tissues were obtained. The data analyzed included age at diagnosis, sex, location and size of specimen, clinical description of lesion and operative diagnosis. There were twenty patients. The male: female ratio was 2.3: 1. The ages ranged from 3 to 50 years, (mean 13 years). The nodule was present from birth in 2 (10.2%_ patients and was acquired in the rest. It occurred most commonly in the eyelid in 6 patients. There was diagnosis also commonly in terms of cyst rather than nodulation. Accordingly, onchocerca should be included in the differential diagnoses of lesions showing ophthalmic presentation even at birth–the time frame being in consonance with transplacental transmission.

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