Optimal Energy Management Algorithm for Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicles
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Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) charging and discharging, renewable energy resource generation and utilization is most important in future power system control. Proper integration of these energy sources gives solution to the challenges. In this paper Mixed Integer Linear Programming (MILP) was proposed for plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicles charging and discharging in a charging station. Charging station consists of Photo Voltaic (PV) system with practical constraints, power balance constraints, battery charging and discharging constraints are considered. The results proposed that the proposed algorithm minimize the charging cost of PHEVs and optimal power flow for the grid connected PHEVs systems. Likewise, PHEVs owners could yield more profit by discharging their vehicles to the grid in addition to having preferred charge in the departure time.