alexa Optimal Options for Treatment of Produced Water in Offshore Petroleum Platforms
ISSN: 2375-4397

Journal of Pollution Effects & Control
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Case Report

Optimal Options for Treatment of Produced Water in Offshore Petroleum Platforms

Chibunna Onyems Igwe*, Abdulrahman AL Saadi and Stanley E Ngene
École des Mines de Nantes La Chantrerie4, rue Alfred Kastler, B.P. 20722 F-44307, NANTES, Cedex 3, France
Corresponding Author : Chibunna Onyems IGWE
École des Mines de Nantes La Chantrerie4
rue Alfred Kastler, B.P. 20722 F-44307
Nantes, Cedex 3, France
E-mail: [email protected]
Received May 02, 2013; Accepted July 02, 2013; Published July 15, 2013
Citation: Igwe CO, Saadi AAL, Ngene SE (2013) Optimal Options for Treatment of Produced Water in Offshore Petroleum Platforms. J Pollut Eff Cont 1:102 doi:10.4172/2375-4397.1000102
Copyright: © 2013 Igwe CO, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

During Petroleum exploration, water, which is trapped in underground formations, is brought to the surface along with oil or gas. This water, referred to as Produced water, has constituents that make it unsafe to be discharged into the environment without adequate treatment. In offshore locations, the situation is even more difficult since there is always limited space for produced water treatment. The treatment of Produced water will not only provide water for use but will protect our environment against pollution. This paper has reviewed exhaustively the various ways of handling produced water on the basis of its constituents, expected use of the effluent fluid, adherence to the local regulations on environmental protection, available expertise, and cost of its treatment. Furthermore, the paper has selected some key produced water treatment techniques, discussed their advantages as well as limitations to enable oil and gas operators to make informed decision depending on the circumstances surrounding their operations.

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