alexa Optimization of Process Parameters for Cellulase Production by Bacillus licheniformis MTCC 429 using RSM and Molecular Characterization of Cellulase Gene | Abstract
ISSN: 2155-9821

Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques
Open Access

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Research Article

Optimization of Process Parameters for Cellulase Production by Bacillus licheniformis MTCC 429 using RSM and Molecular Characterization of Cellulase Gene

Bhaumik R Dave, Pritesh Parmar, Ankit Sudhir, Ketankumar Panchal and Subramanian RB*
BRD School of Biosciences, Sardar Patel Maidan, Satellite Campus, Sardar Patel University, Gujarat, India
Corresponding Author : Subramanian RB
BRD School of Biosciences
Sardar Patel Maidan
Satellite Campus, Post Box No. 39
Sardar Patel University
Vallabh Vidyanagar 388 120, Gujarat, India
Tel: +91-2692-234-402
E-mail: [email protected]
Received December 31, 2014; Accepted February 26, 2015; Published March 03, 2015
Citation: Dave BR, Parmar P, Sudhir A, Panchal K, Subramanian RB (2015) Optimization of Process Parameters for Cellulase Production by Bacillus licheniformis MTCC 429 using RSM and Molecular Characterization of Cellulase Gene. J Bioprocess Biotech 5:212 doi:10.4172/2155-9821.1000212
Copyright: ©2015 Dave BR, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

World is threaten to energy crisis which has advances research in bioenergy and specifically development of biofuels to replace petroleum products have increased the use of microbial enzyme like cellulases and xylanases as well as amylases for generation of reducing sugars for their conversion into bioethanol. Extensive research has been carried out in this view but alkaline cellulase production and molecular characterization is not studied in detail so far, this study will aid to achieve it. Optimization of fermentation parameters for production of cellulase was evaluated with the help of Response Surface Methodology (RSM) a statistical design, initial pH (9), moisture ratio (1:1) and incubation time (72 h) (run no.4) were found to be ideal parameters for optimum production of cellulase, substrate Jatropha seed cake without any pre-treatment was found to be an ideal source for cellulase production by Bacillus licheniformis under solid state fermentation. Cellulase gene of size 786 bp was isolated later using PCR techniques, confirmed with sequence analysis and ligated to pRSET A vector for the transformation to E. coli DH5α. Positive clones were identified and sequenced to justify the cloning. Sequence of Bacillus licheniformis endo-β-1,4-glucanase (Cel12A) gene showed 100% similarity with endoglucanase gene sequence from Bacillus licheniformis ATCC 14580 genome, shows successful cloning of Cel12A gene into pRSET A vector.

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