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ISSN: 2161-1009

Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry
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Review Article

Optimized Analytical Techniques for Extraction and Separation of Bioactive Compounds from Diverse Plant Types

Suparna Mandal Biswas*

Agricultural and Ecological Research Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, 203, B.T. Road, Kolkata, India

*Corresponding Author:
Suparna Mandal Biswas
Agricultural and Ecological Research Unit
Indian Statistical Institute, 203
B.T. Road, Kolkata 700108, India
Tel: (+91)(033)25753225
Fax: (+91)(033)25753049
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: December 01, 2016; Accepted Date: March 23, 2017; Published Date: March 27, 2017

Citation: Biswas SM (2017) Optimized Analytical Techniques for Extraction and Separation of Bioactive Compounds from Diverse Plant Types. Biochem Anal Biochem 6: 313. doi: 10.4172/2161-1009.1000313

Copyright: © 2017 Biswas SM. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Bioactive compounds (BACs) from plants provide unlimited opportunities for pharmaceuticals and natural agrochemicals development due to vast diversity of secondary compounds. Successful identification and development of natural products from plants necessitates a standard and integrated approach to screen compounds which aids in determination of dose response activity. We examined Peperomia pellucida (herb with fibrous root), Cleome viscosa (herb with tap root), Piper chaba (climber) and Artocarpus lakoocha (tree). In C. viscosa plants, BACs were collected from ‘Root Exudates Trapping System’ made of Buchner funnel and conical flask, while compounds were collected from P. pellucida by a self-designed horizontal tube like glass ware with stopper and funnel at either end. BACs are extracted from stem and leaves dust of P. chaba and A. lakoocha respectively. The basic sequential steps are same included grinding of plant parts, homogenization, vacuum filtration followed by liquid-liquid extraction in which BACs were fractionated into two major phases (ethyl acetate layer and aqueous layer). The extracts were further purified into a single pure compound by repetitive running through column and subsequently followed by thin layer chromatography and finally subjected to spectral analyses (viz. MS, IR, 1HNMR and 13CNMR) for complete molecular characterization. A new Phenol glycoside was isolated from Peperomia pellucida and Lactam nonanoic acid was recovered from Cleome viscosa. Four major compounds were recovered from Piper chaba and Artocarpus lakoocha with remarkable bioactivity but only the important fractions are described here. These new extraction techniques will extend and enhance the usefulness of plants as renewable resources of valuable chemicals.

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