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Optimizing a Hospital Anaphylaxis Protocol: Our Experience | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2380-5439

Journal of Health Education Research & Development
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Research Article

Optimizing a Hospital Anaphylaxis Protocol: Our Experience

Leyla Pur Ozyigit1,2*, Tugce Aytulu1, Asli Ozyildirim1, Ulku Burgess1 and Ismail Bozkurt1
1American Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
2Koc University School of Medicine, Department of Allergy and Immunology, Turkey
Corresponding Author : Leyla Pur Ozyigit
Koc University School of Medicine
Department of Allergy and Immunology, Turkey
Tel: +902123381176
Fax: +902123381168
E-mail: [email protected]
Received September 11, 2014; Accepted November 24, 2014; Published December 01, 2014
Citation: Ozyigit LP, Aytulu T, Ozyildirim A, Burgess U, Bozkurt I (2014) Optimizing a Hospital Anaphylaxis Protocol: Our Experience. J Biosafety Health Educ 2:124. doi:10.4172/2332-0893.1000124
Copyright: © 2014 Ozyigit LP, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Anaphylaxis is a severe, life-threatening, systemic hypersensitivity reaction that usually occurs rapidly after contact with an allergy-inducing substance. Due to the underdiagnosing, underreporting and malpractice associated with this condition, anaphylaxis awareness projects are now becoming a priority in some communities. The diagnosis of anaphylaxis is clinical, and intramuscular adrenaline is well known as the first-line treatment of choice for its management. The majority of anaphylaxis deaths occur in a hospital. Therefore, it is important to render hospitals safe places for severe allergic reactions. A hospital anaphylaxis protocol is also mandatory for a better outcome as recommended by guidelines. Consequently, our protocol was planned with the contribution of different specialties, including allergy, emergency medicine, nursing, nutrition and pharmacy. General knowledge was tested among different departments by self-administered questionnaires, and specific education programs were utilized to improve the success of the protocol. The least correctly answered questions were about the rapidity of the occurrence of anaphylaxis, the route of adrenaline administration and the method of adrenaline auto injector (AAI) administration. However, after education, the level of knowledge increased dramatically among caregivers. We propose that conducting regular education programs for healthcare workers and that implementing appropriate hospital anaphylaxis protocols prepared with multidisciplinary collaborations should be mandatory for the prevention, recognition and treatment of severe allergic reactions.