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ISSN-2155-9929

Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis
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  • Review Article   
  • J Mol Biomark Diagn 2017, Vol 8(6): 6
  • DOI: 10.4172/2155-9929.1000369

Oral Cancer- The Nigerian Perspective

Mercy Okoh1 and Dickson Sopuru Okoh2*
1Department of Oral Surgery and Pathology, University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria
2Department of Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine, University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author : Dickson Sopuru Okoh, Department of Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine, University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River, Nigeria, Tel: (+234) 08058500355, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Sep 13, 2017 / Accepted Date: Sep 24, 2017 / Published Date: Sep 26, 2017

Abstract

Study background: In our environment, oral cancer is one of the most common lethal diseases encountered in dental practice. It is frequently diagnosed in the late stages because most patients present late in the course of the disease. This may be attributed to their low socioeconomic status, illiteracy, and some traditional beliefs in alternative native therapies. Some authors have reported on oral cancers specifically in their individual geographic settings; however, there is a paucity of reviews on Oral cancers generally in our environment. This study aims to review the prevalence, awareness and clinicopathologic patterns of oral cancers across the different geographic zones in Nigeria.

Methods: Information was sourced from journals, electronic data base such as Medline, Pubmed, Elsevier Science Direct and personal research work.

Result: Several prevalence rates have been reported in different geopolitical locations in our environment. Orofacial carcinomas were reported mostly in the older age groups while the Orofacial sarcomas were found in the slightly younger age groups. Squamous cell carcinoma was the predominant histopathological type. There is a low level of awareness of these lesions among the low socio-economic groups which makes them present late in our health care facilities hence a poor prognosis.

Conclusion: There is a need for increased awareness, advocacy and preventive care and early detection.

Keywords: Oral cancer; Orofacial carcinoma; Orofacial sarcomas; Prevalence; Awareness; Nigeria

Citation: Okoh M, Okoh DS (2017) Oral Cancer- The Nigerian Perspective. J Mol Biomark Diagn 8: 369. Doi: 10.4172/2155-9929.1000369

Copyright: ©2017 Okoh M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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