alexa Oral Lichen Planus: A Review of Etiopathogenesis, Clini
ISSN: 2376-032X

JBR Journal of Interdisciplinary Medicine and Dental Science
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Review Article

Oral Lichen Planus: A Review of Etiopathogenesis, Clinical, Histological and Treatment Aspects

Ravi Teja Chitturi1*, A Santha Devy2, R Madhavan Nirmal3 and PM Sunil4

1Department of Oral Pathology, SIBAR Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India

2Department of Oral Pathology, Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental Sciences, Puducherry, India

3Department of Oral Pathology, Rajah Muthiah Dental College and Hospital, Annamalai Nagar, Tamil Nadu, India

4Department of Oral Pathology, Sree Anjaneya Institute of Dental Sciences, Calicut, Kerala, India

Corresponding Author:
Dr. Ravi Teja Chitturi
Senior Lecturer
Department of Oral Pathology
SIBAR Institute of Dental Sciences
Takkellapadu, Guntur – 522 509, India
Tel: +91-9676767387
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: July 4, 2014; Accepted date:August 4, 2014; Published date: August 11, 2014

Citation:Chitturi RT, Devy AS, Nirmal RM, Sunil PM (2014) Oral Lichen Planus: A Review of Etiopathogenesis, Clinical, Histological and Treatment Aspects. J Interdiscipl Med Dent Sci 2:142. doi:10.4172/2376-032X.1000142

Copyright: © 2014 Chitturi, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

It is a well known fact that oral lichen planus (OLP) is a non infectious disease affecting the oral mucous membrane. It is considered to be an autoimmune disorder mediated mainly by the T-lymphocytes. It affects 1-2% of the general population with maximum prevelance seen among women above the age of 40. WHO considers it to be a potentially malignant disorder and the rate of malignant transformation has been put between 0.5-2%. This article mainly reviews the various pathogenetic mechanisms by which this unique disorder occurs along with the clinical, histopathological and treatment aspects.

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