alexa Organophosphate Pesticide Exposure during Pregnancy and
ISSN: 2167-0420

Journal of Womens Health Care
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Organophosphate Pesticide Exposure during Pregnancy and Adverse Perinatal Outcome

Farahat T1, Shaheen HM1*, Sanad Z2 and Farag NA1

1Department of Family Medicine, Faulty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Al Minufiyah, Egypt

2Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Al Minufiyah, Egypt

*Corresponding Author:
Shaheen HM
Assistant professor, Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine
Menoufia University, Al Minufiyah, Egypt
Tel: 201003885267
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: June 14, 2016; Accepted date: October 17, 2016; Published date: October 25, 2016

Citation: Farahat T, Shaheen HM, Sanad Z, Farag NA (2016) Organophosphate Pesticide Exposure during Pregnancy and Adverse Perinatal Outcome. J Women's Health Care 5:336. doi:10.4172/2167-0420.1000336

Copyright: © 2016 Shaheen HM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Objective: Little is known about potential adverse health effects of in utero exposure to organophosphate (OP) pesticides. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of organophosphate pesticide exposure during pregnancy and adverse perinatal outcome. Subject and Methods: This prospective study was conducted during the period from March 2013 to March 2105 and included two groups of pregnant women, 40 exposed women and 100 unexposed women as a control group. Both groups were matched for age, socioeconomic class educational level and body mass index. Serum acetyl cholinesterase (AChE) was measured in all participants at 20-22 weeks’ gestation. All women were followed up till delivery. Perinatal outcome was assessed in terms of gestational age at delivery, birth weight, head circumference and body length of the newborn. Results: Exposed participants exhibited significantly shortened gestational age, low birth weight and smaller head circumference than controls. There was a positive correlation between reduced level of AChE and gestational age and birth weight. Conclusions: Our results confirmed the association between organophosphate pesticide exposure during pregnancy and adverse perinatal outcome in terms of reduced gestational age, low birth weight and small head circumference.

Keywords

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords