alexa Origin of the Arima-type and Associated Spring Waters i
ISSN: 2381-8719

Journal of Geology & Geophysics
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Origin of the Arima-type and Associated Spring Waters in the Kinki District, Southwest Japan

Hitomi Nakamura1,2*, Kotona Chiba1, Qing Chang1, Noritoshi Morikawa3, Kohei Kazahaya3 and Hikaru Iwamori1,2
1Japan Agency for Marine–Earth Science and Technology, 2-15 Natsushima-cho, Yokosuka-shi, Kanagawa 237-0061, Japan
2Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8551, Japan
3Geological Survey of Japan, AIST, 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8567, Japan
*Corresponding Author : Hitomi Nakamura
Japan Agency for Marine–Earth Science and Technology
2-15 Natsushima-cho, Yokosuka-shi
Kanagawa 237-0061, Japan
Tel: +81468679764
Fax: +81468679625
E-mail: [email protected]
Received January 30, 2016; Accepted March 01, 2016; Published March 07, 2016
Citation: Nakamura H, Chiba K, Chang Q, Morikawa N, Kazahaya K, et al. (2016) Origin of the Arima-type and Associated Spring Waters in the Kinki District, Southwest Japan. J Geol Geophys 5:240. doi:10.4172/2381-8719.1000240
Copyright: © 2016 Nakamura H, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Rare earth elements (REEs) of the spring waters upwelling in the non-volcanic fore-arc region of the Kinki district in southwest Japan were investigated to assess their upwelling processes and deep-seated origins. A principal component analysis of the REE data identified three principal components (PCs) that cover 89% of the entire sample variance: (1) PC-01, which corresponds to a dilution process by which fluids are introduced at low concentrations, previously represented by major solute binary trends, including δ18O–δD systematics; (2) PC-02, which is a precipitation process of REEs from the brine; and (3) PC-03, which is an incorporation of REEs from country rock by carbonic acidity, although the types of country rocks may also have a significant impact on the spring water compositions. Based on these three PCs, together with the major solute concentrations and hydrogen, oxygen, and helium isotopic compositions determined in previous studies, five distinct types of spring waters in the Arima and Kii areas were identified: (i) “Tansansen”, (ii) “Kinsen”, (iii) “Ordinary Arima”, (iv) “Ginsen”, and (v) “Eastern Kii”. These five types probably represent (ii) a deep brine, (iii) an evolved deep brine that precipitated REE-bearing minerals, (iv) a mixture of (iii) and meteoric water, (v) a meteoric water carbonated by deep gas derived from (ii), and (i) a spring water similar to (v) with a more significant influence of the country rock constituting the aquifer. A comparison of the spring waters in the Arima and Kii areas revealed systematic geographic distributions. The “Ordinary Arima”-type occurs along the Median Tectonic Line, and the “Eastern Kii”-type occurs in the eastern part of the Kii area. The latter seems to upwell in the restricted region where deep low-frequency tremors are observed. We suggest that the geographical distributions are linked to the tectonic setting and/or temporal evolution of fluid upwelling.

Keywords

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords