alexa Overview of Xerodermatic Pigmentsum Mutations, Prognosis, and Treatment | OMICS International
ISSN: 2169-0111

Advancements in Genetic Engineering
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Short Communication

Overview of Xerodermatic Pigmentsum Mutations, Prognosis, and Treatment

Satyajit Patra*
Division of Biochemistry and Genetics, American International Medical University, USA
Corresponding Author : Satyajit Patra
Division of Biochemistry and Genetics
American International Medical University
Beausejour Road, Gros Islet, St. Lucia, USA
Tel: 1-758-450-0140
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: November 05, 2015 Accepted: January 23, 2016 Published: January 30, 2016
Citation: Satyajit P (2016) Overview of Xerodermatic Pigmentsum Mutations, Prognosis, and Treatment. Adv Genet Eng 5:141. doi:10.4172/2169-0111.1000141
Copyright: © 2016 Patra S. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Xeroderma Pigmentosum (XP) is a rare disorder, first described by Hebra and Kaposi. Cleaver provided a clear understanding of XP as it played a central role in DNA mutation in cancer [2]. This rare disorder is an autosomal recessive skin disorder where cells are unable to repair the damage caused by UV radiation. This leads to early skin changes, sunburns, dry skin and increased development of skin tumors and damage to the eyes brought on by UV light. Although rare, XP is present throughout the world in majority of ethnicities. Current statistics indicate that there are approximately 100 diagnosed cases in the UK. Furthermore, 1 in 1 million incidences are reported in the US. In addition, high rates have been reported in certain areas such as Japan and the Middle East.

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