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ISSN: 2167-0943

Journal of Metabolic Syndrome
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Research Article

Overweight and Obesity among Adolescents in Kano, Nigeria

Shehu M Yusuf, Muhammad S Mijinyawa, Baba M Musa, Ibrahim D Gezawa and Andrew E Uloko*

Departments of Medicine, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital and Bayero University Kano, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author:
Dr. Andrew E Uloko
Department of Medicine, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital
P.M.B. 3452 Kano, Nigeria
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: July 29, 2013; Accepted date: August 27, 2013; Published date: August 30, 2013

Citation: Yusuf SM, Mijinyawa MS, Musa BM, Gezawa ID, Uloko AE (2013) Overweight and Obesity among Adolescents in Kano, Nigeria. J Metabolic Synd 2:126. doi:10.4172/2167-0943.1000126

Copyright: © 2013 Yusuf SM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Background: Childhood and adolescent obesity is a global public health concern because of associated increased risk of cardiovascular diseases later in life. Although there are several studies on childhood obesity in Nigeria, few have assessed it in adolescents.

Objectives: This study intends to assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity in adolescents in urban northern Nigeria.

Method: A cross sectional school based survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity. Stratified sampling was used to select 718 students. Their weight and height were measured and used to compute the Body Mass Index (BMI). Overweight and obesity were defined using the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF).

Results: The prevalence of obesity and overweight were 0.84% and 1.98% respectively; with advancing age as a risk factor for both overweight and obesity. Multivariate logistic regression showed that the risk of overweight was almost two times higher with advancing age adjusted odds ratio of {1.79} with a p-value of { 0.03} and C.I. { 1.05 - 3.09}, adjusted for gender and school type.

Conclusion: The data suggest the prevalence of overweight and obesity are low, and that advancing age is a risk factor for obesity.

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