alexa Pacemaker Infections Caused by Rapidly Growing Non-Tuberculous Mycobacteria: Presentation of Three Cases and Review of the Literature
ISSN: 2472-1212

Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
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Research Article

Pacemaker Infections Caused by Rapidly Growing Non-Tuberculous Mycobacteria: Presentation of Three Cases and Review of the Literature

Tejada CDJ1*, Brown MK1, Vaughan LB2 and Wenzel RP3

1Department of Infectious Disease, Virginia Commonwealth University, USA

2Departement of Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Hunter Holmes McGuire Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Virginia Commonwealth University, USA

3Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Claudia D. Jarrin Tejada
MD, Infectious Disease,
2057 Wiltshire Rd, Berkley,
MI-48072, USA
Tel:
804-928-2884
Fax: 04-628-27698
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: June 06, 2016; Accepted Date: July 20, 2016; Published Date: July 25, 2016

Citation: Tejada CDJ, Brown MK, Vaughan LB, Wenzel RP (2016) Pacemaker Infections Caused by Rapidly Growing Non-Tuberculous Mycobacteria: Presentation of Three Cases and Review of the Literature. J Antimicro 2:122. doi:10.4172/2472-1212.1000122

Copyright: © 2016 Tejada CDJ, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

There has been a rise in the use of cardiac pacemakers and an associated increase in the number of devicerelated infections. Although Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci are the most common causes of these infections, rapidly-growing non-tuberculous mycobacteria have occasionally been implicated. We report three cases managed at our institution and review 11 cases found in the literature. Most patients underwent device removal and were managed with more than one antibiotic for at least 4 weeks. All but one patient achieved cure. It is important to recognize these organisms as potential etiologies of pacemaker infections and to request special culture media and stains. Furthermore, antibiotic choice should be guided by susceptibility reports and, at least initially, more than one antibiotic is recommended

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