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ISSN: 2161-0487

Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy
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Review Article

Pain and Psychotherapy, in the Light of Evidence of Psychological Treatment Methods of Chronic Pain Based on Evidence

Noemi Csaszar*, Petra Bagdi, Daniel Peter Stoll and Henrik Szoke

National Centre for Spinal Disorders, Department of Psychotherapy, Budapest

Corresponding Author:
Noemi Csaszar
Head of the Education Board of the Hungarian Association of Hypnosis
Had of Psychotherapy Department and Psychosomatic Out-Patient
Department at the National Center for Spinal Disorders in Budapest
1126 Kiralyhago Street 1. Budapest, Hungary
Tel: +36 30 754 8427 or +36 30 7548434
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: March 20, 2014; Accepted date: May 19, 2014; Published date: June 07, 2014

Citation: Noemi Csaszar, Petra Bagdi, Daniel Peter Stoll and Henrik Szoke (2014) Pain and Psychotherapy, in the Light of Evidence of Psychological Treatment Methods of Chronic Pain Based on Evidence. J Psychol Psychother 4:145. doi:10.4172/2161-0487.1000145

Copyright: © 2014 Csaszar N et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Objective: Several types of psychotherapies have been developed for patients suffering from chronic pain. In general it is problematic for all therapies to determine whether they are effective or not. The aim of this review is to reveal the different types of psychological methods and researches conducted on their effectiveness.

Methods: Descriptive review based on selective literature search in Medline, PubMed, Science Direct and The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from June of 2013-February of 2014.

Results: In case of chronic pain there are psychological treatment methods that have been properly proven to be effective (in compliance with the 2013/14 EBM criteria) such as psycho-education, supportive therapy, behavior therapy, cognitive behavior therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, biofeedback and relaxation therapy, hypnotherapy, guided imagery, while dynamic oriented therapies, art therapy and family therapy has not been investigated or the results do not properly support effectiveness in pain management. Multidisciplinary treatment approaches including psychological treatments have been verified as an effective and cost-effective treatment approach for chronic pain patients who have failed to respond initial treatment or suffer from psychological problems.

Conclusions: Psychotherapies have been proved to be effective and important component of chronic pain treatment.

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