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Parasitic Contamination Incidences at Inspection of Harvested Springbok (Antidorcas marsupials) and Gemsbok (Oryx gazelle) in Namibia | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7579

Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology
Open Access

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Parasitic Contamination Incidences at Inspection of Harvested Springbok (Antidorcas marsupials) and Gemsbok (Oryx gazelle) in Namibia

Magwedere K1,3*, Hemberger HY1,3, Khaiseb S2, Hoffman LC3 and Dziva F3,4

1Division of Animal and Veterinary Public Health, Directorate of Veterinary services, P.O Box 28, Hospital Street, Mariental, Namibia

2Central Veterinary Laboratory, Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry, P. Bag 13187, Windhoek, Namibia

3Department of Animal Science, University of Stellenbosch, Private Bag X1, Matieland, Stellenbosch, 7602, South Africa

4Division of Microbiology, Institute for Animal Health, Compton, Berkshire RG20 7NN, United Kingdom

*Corresponding Author:
Kudakwashe Magwedere
Divisions of Veterinary Public Health
Directorate of Veterinary services
P.O Box 28, Hospital Street, Mariental, Namibia
Tel: +264 63 242972
Fax: +264 63242971
E-mail: [email protected] co.uk

Received date: April 02, 2012; Accepted date: May 14, 2012; Published date: May 20, 2012

Citation: Magwedere K, Hemberger HY, Khaiseb S, Hoffman LC and Dziva F (2012) Parasitic Contamination Incidences at Inspection of Harvested Springbok (Antidorcas marsupials) and Gemsbok (Oryx gazelle) in Namibia. J Veterinar Sci Technol 3:113. doi:10.4172/2157-7579.1000113

Copyright: © 2012 Magwedere K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Little work has been conducted on parasitic infestation of harvested wild game at game abattoirs in Namibia. The aim of this study was to assess parasitic contaminations that occur in two commonly harvested Namibia game species. We examined springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis) and gemsbok (Oryx gazelle) carcasses for parasite infestation and rectal contents from eviscerated gut for worm egg counts among other routine inspection protocols. A filarial worm, Skrjabinodera kuelzii was found in 104 out of 540 carcasses harvested from separate 3 farms and then submitted for cutting and deboning. These filarial worms were predominantly between the hindquarter muscles, pelvis region and sometimes in renal fat. As a precautionary measure, these carcasses were condemned whole or part depending on the level of infestation. The larvae and filarial worms were only found in springbok but not in gemsbok carcasses. Worm eggs of strongyle, Strongyloides papillosus, Toxocara spp, Trichuris spp and coccidia were found in variable numbers in both springbok and gemsbok faeces, indicating a potential risk of transmission to other susceptible species in the ecosystem. The unusual deep muscle contamination of springbok carcasses by S. kuelzii are significant findings which should be considered during routine meat inspection of harvested wildlife.

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