Parent-Adolescent Interactions and Substance Use: A Prospective, Observational Study of Mexican-Origin FamiliesD Angus Clark1*, M Brent Donnellan2 and Richard W Robins3
- Corresponding Author:
- Angus Clark
Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: February 09, 2016; Accepted date: March 15, 2016; Published date: March 21, 2016
Citation: Clark A, Donnellan MB, Robins RW (2016) Parent-Adolescent Interactions and Substance Use: A Prospective, Observational Study of Mexican-Origin Families. J Alcohol Drug Depend 4:233. doi:10.4172/2329-6488.1000233
Copyright: © 2016 Clark A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The quality of the parent-adolescent relationship is an important predictor of adolescent substance use. Most research in this area however has relied on questionnaire-based assessments of both substance use and interpersonal family dynamics, and has typically focused on European American samples. These gaps are addressed in the current study by evaluating prospective associations between behaviour coded from parentadolescent interactions in 7th grade and substance use in 9th and 12th grade, in a longitudinal sample of Mexicanorigin youth (N = 674). Adolescents’ observed behaviours towards parents, especially hostility, were significantly but weakly associated with future substance use. Parents’ behaviours towards adolescents were generally not significantly associated with future substance use. Results add to the literature examining the relevance of family processes in the development of substance use, and offer converging evidence regarding the role of early aggressive tendencies and later substance use.