Parents′ Knowledge and Attitudes on Childhood Immunization, Taif, Saudi Arabia
Yousif MA, Ahmed Abdulrahman Albarraq, Mustafa Awad A Abdallah and Abubaker Ibrahim Elbur*
Pharmacy Practice Research Unit, College of Pharmacy, Taif University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Abubaker Ibrahim Elbur
Pharmacy Practice Research Unit
College of Pharmacy,
aif University P.O. Box: 888
21974, Al-Haweiah, Taif
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: November 17, 2013; Accepted date: December 24, 2013; Published date: December 28, 2013
Citation: Yousif MA, Albarraq AA, Abdallah MAA, Elbur AI (2013) Parents' Knowledge and Attitudes on Childhood Immunization, Taif, Saudi Arabia. J Vaccines Vaccin 5:215. doi:10.4172/2157-7560.1000215
Copyright: © 2013 Yousif MA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Parents’ knowledge and attitudes towards immunization are likely influence uptake. The objective of this study was to assess parental knowledge, and attitudes on childhood immunization among Saudi parents. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted during April 2013 in Taif, Saudi Arabia. Convenient method of sampling was adopted. Parents with children of 0-12 years old were invited to participate. Data was collected through face- to -face interview method using a pre-tested structured questionnaire. Data was processed using the software Statistical Package for Social Science (SPPS) (Version 21). Descriptive statistics were used to describe all variables. Association between dependent variables (knowledge, and attitudes) and independent ones (parents’ demographics) were tested using Chi-square test. P values of < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: A total of 731 parents were recruited. Parents had good knowledge on aspects related to the general role of vaccination in prevention of some infectious diseases 672(91.9%), timing of the first dose in vaccination schedule 635(86.9%). However, poor knowledge was documented among parents in other aspects like the importance of administration of multiple doses of the same vaccine to child immunity 304(41.6%), administration of multiple vaccines at the same time have no negative impacts on child immunity 271(37.1%), vaccination of children against seasonal influenza 334(45.7%) and contraindication to vaccination 287(39.3%). Parents attitudes towards immunization was positive expect in some aspects related to vaccination side effects 316 (34.2%) and the probability of occurrence of diseases against which the child was vaccinated 288(39.4%). Gender, residence and educational level were found to be significantly associated with both parents’ knowledge and attitudes towards immunization. Conclusions and recommendations: Although parents had good knowledge and positive attitudes on some aspects related childhood immunization, gaps in both studied domains were identified. Educational interventions are needed to upgrade parents’ knowledge with special emphasis on less educated and residents of rural areas.