Partner Violence and Condom Use in HIV-Discordant Heterosexual Partnerships
- *Corresponding Author:
- Abigail Eaton
University of California, Berkeley
School of Public Health, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: July 25, 2014; Accepted date: November 19, 2014; Published date: November 25, 2014
Citation: Eaton A, Der Straten AV, Shiboski S, Saul J, Padian N (2014) Partner Violence and Condom Use in HIV-Discordant Heterosexual Partnerships. J AIDS Clin Res 5: 376. doi:10.4172/2155-6113.1000376
Copyright: © 2014 Eaton A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This paper examines the association between intimate partner violence and the consistency of condom use in a US urban cohort of HIV-serodiscordant couples. It uses both male and female data from the California Partners Study II of a lower-income ethnically mixed cohort of 145 such couples in the San Francisco Bay Area. We observed a significant association between inconsistent condom use and physical abuse and forced sex: the risk of inconsistent condom use was double for those experiencing physical abuse (OR, 2.2; 95%CI, 1.1, 4.1). Injection drug use and a history of bisexual behavior were also associated with inconsistent condom use. Physical abuse tended to be reciprocal between partners (OR, 3.2; 95% CI, 1.9, 5.6). Our findings suggest that interventions effective in reducing intimate partner violence, and/or reducing the use of injection drugs in HIV-serodiscordant couples could lead to less transmission of HIV.