PATH ANALYSIS OF DAM IMPACT IN VIEWPOINT OF IRANIAN FARMERS
|Ebrahimi, Mohammad Sadegh*1, Afshari, Mohsen2, Haghi, Saleh2 and Parvyzi, Enaiat2
|Corresponding Author: Mohammad Sadegh Ebrahimi, E-mail: [email protected]|
|Received: 30 March-2014 Accepted: 29 April-2014|
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Without water, life on Earth is meaningless; then, this century would be named the century of struggle for water ownership. Nowadays, water is the basic subject of development in different countries in the world. Therefore in the current situation, water is considered as basic issue in commercial development and social welfare. In all countries, dams have been made with different aims, such as, water supply, power generation, irrigation, flood reduction and etc. dams have been made about 60% of the world's great rivers and this subject had affected on the regional environment development. This study, was assessed the path analysis of dam impact in viewpoint of Iranian farmers. The beneficiaries of dam irrigation network in Hanna dam were 1,610 households that by using the Cochran formula, 210 samples were obtained and the necessary data was collected by using from questionnaires and interviews. The validity of the questionnaires confirm from experts viewpoint and its reliability of the questionnaires calculated by using the Cronbach alpha coefficient assigned to the different parts of the questionnaires respectively: economical dimension 84%, social dimension 71% and ecological dimension 75%. The result of path analysis showed that economic and production development of independent variables respectively with the standardized coefficients 0.394 and 0.477, have the greatest effect on the sustainable development in farmer’s viewpoint.