alexa Pattern of Prostate Specific Antigen Request in a Nigeria Tertiary Health Care: A Decade Review
ISSN: 2167-0250

Andrology-Open Access
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Research Article

Pattern of Prostate Specific Antigen Request in a Nigeria Tertiary Health Care: A Decade Review

Adedapo KS1,2, Kareem IO1 , Mary Ajadi3 and Akinloye O3,4*
1Department of Chemical Pathology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
2Department of Nuclear Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
3Department of Chemical Pathology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria
4Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G2E1, Canada
*Corresponding Author : Oluyemi Akinloye
Department of Biological Sciences,Faculty of Sciences
University of Alberta, Edmonton
Alberta T6G2E1, Canada
Tel: +1 780 802 50; Office: +1 780 492 5879
Fax: +1 780 492 9234
E-mail:[email protected]
Received July 26, 2012; Accepted August 27, 2012; Published September 01, 2012
Citation: Adedapo KS, Kareem IO , Mary Ajadi, Akinloye O (2012) Pattern of Prostate Specific Antigen Request in a Nigeria Tertiary Health Care: A Decade Review. Andrology 1:104. doi:10.4172/2167-0250.1000104
Copyright: © 2012 Adedapo KS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

This study is a decade review of requests pattern for Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA), in a Nigerian tertiary health care. All plasma samples for PSA from January 2002-December 2011 were analysed weekly by immunoradiometric assay method. Biodata from request form were collated and analyzed. A total of 15079 requests were received for the period under review. There was a consistent and progressive yearly increase of request from inception to the last year of review but a sudden drop in 2010 only. Smoked or barbecued food, consumption of local herb and alcohol in order of importance, respectively, appears to be prominent factor in patient requested for PSA. There was an increasing trend in the proportion of requests with values outside the reference range over the years in review. This is consistent with previous report of increasing incidence of prostate cancer in Nigeria. Certain indigenous and tradition modifiable lifestyle especially, alcoholic, positive history of native herbs and smoked food consumption may play an important role in addition to underlying genetics and other previously implicated risk factor of prostate cancer in Nigeria.

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