alexa Current Risk Factors of Ischemic Cardiovascular Diseases Estimated in a Representative Population of Casablanca | OMICS International| Abstract

ISSN: 2161-1017

Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome

  • Research Article   
  • Endocrinol Metab Syndr 2018, Vol 7(1): 284
  • DOI: 10.4172/2161-1017.1000284

Current Risk Factors of Ischemic Cardiovascular Diseases Estimated in a Representative Population of Casablanca

Karima Mohtadi1, Rajaa Msaad1, Rajaa Essadik1, Halima Lebrazi1, Anass Kettani1, Hassan Taki1 and Rachid Saile2*
1Laboratory of Biology and Health, URAC 34, Faculty of Sciences Ben M'Sik, Hassan II University-Casablanca, Casablanca, Morocco
2Head of Laboratory of Biology and Health, Faculty of Sciences Ben M'sik, Hassan II University-Casablanca, Avenue Driss El Harti PB 7955, Sidi Othmane Casablanca, Morocco
*Corresponding Author : Rachid Saile PhD, Head of Laboratory of Biology and Health, Faculty of Sciences Ben M'sik, Hassan II University of Casablanca, Avenue Driss El Harti PB 7955, Sidi Othmane Casablanca, Morocco

Received Date: Jan 01, 2018 / Accepted Date: Jan 29, 2018 / Published Date: Feb 04, 2018

Abstract

Background:  Cardiovascular diseases have been the leading cause for mortality in the last decades. Controlling the modifiable cardiovascular risk factors may reduce mortality due to them. In this context, we tried to identify some of these cardiovascular risk factors in representative population of Casablanca.
Methods: Our study concerned 609 subjects (363 women and 246 men) that were aged from 18 to 65 years old. The analyses were based on data from a lifestyle questionnaire with sociodemographic characteristics, medical history and lifestyle factors such as physical activity and smoking. We also assessed Anthropometric measurements and biochemical. Then, our population was subdivided into 3 groups according to their Body Mass Index: Obese, overweight and a normal group.
Results: The analysis showed that the mean-age was 54.47 ± 10.89 years old and 59.86% were female. The prevalence of diabetes and hypertension were respectively 38.1% and 35.8% with a dominance of women. The highest atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) was observed in overweight and obese groups with 31.1%, 28.2% respectively. The prevalence of hypercholesterolemia was 7.1 %. We notice that 35.20%, 13.98% and 1.81% have respectively 3 ,4 and 5 Cardiovascular disease risk factors whereas 5.26% have none, we observed too that women have more (59.7% vs. 40.3%).
Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in the general population of Casablanca, which is due to unhealthy habits like sedentary life style, Diabetes and/or Hypertension.

Keywords: Cardiovascular risk factors; Prevalence; Diabetes; Hypertension; Smoking; Physical activity

Citation: Mohtadi K, Msaad R, Essadik R, Lebrazi H, Kettani A, et al. (2018) Current Risk Factors of Ischemic Cardiovascular Diseases Estimated in a Representative Population of Casablanca. Endocrinol Metab Syndr 7: 284. Doi: 10.4172/2161-1017.1000284

Copyright: ©2018 Mohtadi K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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