Perception Level of Voluntary Counselling/Testing and Knowledge/ Awareness of HIV/AIDS among Adult Population in Ugep Town of Cross- River State of Nigeria
Akpotuzor Josephine O*, Akpan Patience A and Akwiwu Euphoria C
Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
- *Corresponding Author:
- Akpotuzor Josephine O
Department of Medical Laboratory Science
University of Calabar
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: July 19, 2013; Accepted Date: August 22, 2013; Published Date: August 28, 2013
Citation: Akpotuzor Josephine O, Akpan Patience A, Akwiwu Euphoria C (2013) Perception Level of Voluntary Counselling/Testing and Knowledge/Awareness of HIV/AIDS among Adult Population in Ugep Town of Cross-River State of Nigeria. J AIDS Clin Res 4:234. doi:10.4172/2155-6113.1000234
Copyright: © 2013 Akpotuzor Josephine O, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The Human Immune deficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) pandemic have had a profound effect on the health and social life of people in Nigeria. This study was aimed at assessing the perception level of voluntary counseling/ testing and knowledge/ awareness of HIV/AIDS among the adult population in Ugep town of Cross-River State of Nigeria. One hundred and sixty (160) male and female residents of Ugep metropolis between the ages of 17 and 60 were surveyed. A 20-item structured questionnaire was administered to participants. Analysis of the responses showed that one hundred and twenty four (77.5%) understands what HIV/ AIDS is while 98.1% are aware of the routes of transmission. Sixty five percent and 98.8% respectively have a good knowledge of the signs/symptoms and prevention of the disease. Only 15.6% of the respondents are aware of the availability of medical treatment for HIV/AIDS. Sixty seven (47.5%) respondents affirmed that they will stigmatize people living with HIV/AIDS. One hundred and forty nine (93.1%) were aware of Voluntary Testing and Counselling (VCT) of which ninety five (59.4%) had undergone one. A minority group of the respondents 63(39.4%) believed that life would still be worth living if they are sero positive. Eighty eight (61.2%) said they cannot disclose their HIV status to anyone while sixty five (40.6%) believed that VCT can bring about an HIV-free society. Sixty five (40.6%) respondents have never gone for VCT for several reasons. Alarmingly, 20 respondents said they would commit suicide if they were to be sero-positive while 5 would spread the virus to others. The level of knowledge and awareness of HIV/AIDS is yet to achieve desired goals and impact. There is need for urgent intervention by the relevant bodies to educate and enlighten the populace.