Performance Evaluation and Development of Daily Reference Evapotranspiration Model
- *Corresponding Author:
- Hashem A
Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering
Purdue University, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received January 22, 2016; Accepted February 25, 2016; Published February 29, 2016
Citation: Hashem A, Engel B, Bralts V, Radwan S, Rashad M (2016) Performance Evaluation and Development of Daily Reference Evapotranspiration Model. Irrigat Drainage Sys Eng 5:157. doi:10.4172/2168-9768.1000157
Copyright: © 2016 Hashem A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Using agricultural water wisely in irrigated fields is very important, especially with water scarcity in arid and semiarid countries globally. An accurate irrigation water requirement calculation is required to determine real time irrigation scheduling, in order to apply the specific amount of irrigation water at the right time, and avoid crop growth stress which leads to reduced crop production. The main objective of this paper is to develop a mathematical model to accurately calculate daily Reference Evapotranspiration (ETo) as a first step for the accurate calculation of irrigation water requirements. Also, the model output was compared to ETo estimated using CROPWAT, an irrigation software program used for ETo calculation and irrigation scheduling. The reference evapotranspiration model was built using the Food and Agricultural Organization FAO-56 Penman-Monteith equation with the SIMULINK tool in MATLAB software. The model was validated by comparing daily estimates of evapotranspiration with Class A pan and evapotranspiration gauges in the United States. The results indicated a good fit between daily ETo calculated by the model and that observed from Class A pan and evapotranspiration gauge. There were some discrepancies between measured, modeled and CROPWAT ETo. This model is the first step to calculate accurate irrigation water requirements.