Performance of Spring Chicken Fed Different Inclusion Levels of Black Soldier Fly Larvae Meal
- *Corresponding Author:
- Azhar BK
Department of Animal Science
Faculty of Agriculture
University Putra Malaysia 43400 UPM Serdang
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: August 07, 2016; Accepted date: Aug 26, 2016; Published date: September 02, 2016
Citation: Dahiru SJ, Azhar BK, Anjas Asmara BS (2016) Performance of Spring Chicken Fed Different Inclusion Levels of Black Soldier Fly Larvae Meal. Entomol Ornithol Herpetol 5:185. doi: 10.4172/2161-0983.1000185
Copyright: © 2016 Dahiru SJ, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This study was proposed to infer on the growth parameter in spring chicken fed black soldier fly larvae meal (BSFLM) then examine meat characteristics using four levels of diet 0% control, 5%, 7.5% and 10% inclusion, with 96 day-old Cobb chicks (CP 747). Larvae was propagated at the University Putra Malaysia poultry farm (Ladang II) using coconut Waste as substrate, within one month period. The chicks were fed for 26 days, where Growth performances; carcass and meat quality parameters were assessed. The data were analyzed using statistical analytical tool SAS 9.4 version, 2014 window. Means comparison was carried out through Duncan multiple range test. The performance results showed that body weight gain showed similarities (P<0.05), except control (0%) 112.32g, whilst 5%, 7.5% and 10% levels were 207.69 g, 228.40 g & 251.64 g, respectively. Feed intake with 5% (253.48 g) as the least after control 0% (146.85 g), and 463.68 g for 10% as the highest (P<0.05). Final body weight differ significantly (P<0.05) and feed conversion ratio also recorded (P<0.05) where 5% level has dramatically secured outstanding result of 1.24, then 1.31 (0%), 1.78 & 1.86 for (7.5% & 10%) accordingly. However, carcass analysis revealed that only thigh and liver have significantly varied (P<0.05) amongst the treatments level, but the remaining cuts (carcass weight, dressing percentage, breast weight, drum stick, wings and gizzard) were statistically similar (P>0.05). Equally, meat quality parameters indicated no significant difference (P>0.05) except pH. Finally the outcome of the study suggested overall performance was encouraging at lower inclusion levels having the least and feed conversion ratio 5% 1.24 vs. control 0%, 7.5% & 10%, respectively, this recommends that soldier fly larvae meal most economically good and effective performance at 5% inclusion. Therefore, black soldier fly larvae meal shows positive effect on weight gain and can be used successfully without fear of side effect in both the spring chicken and broiler performance, especially at starter level.